Successful rescue of sustained ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation after coronary artery bypass grafting by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Robert J. Chen, Wen Je Ko, Fang Yue Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be set up quickly at the bedside and provides reliable temporary mechanical circulatory support for severe heart failure. We report the case of a 56-year-old female with circulatory collapse due to sustained ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation (VT/Vf) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) who was successfully resuscitated using ECMO. The sustained VT/Vf might have been secondary to myocardial stunning, ischemia, infarction, or reperfusion. There were 40 cardioversions within the first 5 postoperative days. The patient improved after 8 days of ECMO in addition to use of an intraaortic balloon pump and administration of inotropic agents for profound heart failure. Left ventricular ejection fraction improved from 28% preoperatively to 54.5% on the 20th postoperative day. Cardiogenic shock due to sustained VT/Vf after CABG may be an indication for ECMO support. Immediate establishment of circulatory support using ECMO provides valuable time for spontaneous and interventional correction of reversible causes of sustained VT/Vf.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-286
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association
Volume101
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 10 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
Ventricular Fibrillation
Ventricular Tachycardia
Coronary Artery Bypass
Heart Failure
Myocardial Stunning
Electric Countershock
Cardiogenic Shock
Stroke Volume
Infarction
Reperfusion
Myocardial Ischemia
Shock

Keywords

  • Coronary artery bypass grafting
  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  • Ventricular fibrillation
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be set up quickly at the bedside and provides reliable temporary mechanical circulatory support for severe heart failure. We report the case of a 56-year-old female with circulatory collapse due to sustained ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation (VT/Vf) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) who was successfully resuscitated using ECMO. The sustained VT/Vf might have been secondary to myocardial stunning, ischemia, infarction, or reperfusion. There were 40 cardioversions within the first 5 postoperative days. The patient improved after 8 days of ECMO in addition to use of an intraaortic balloon pump and administration of inotropic agents for profound heart failure. Left ventricular ejection fraction improved from 28{\%} preoperatively to 54.5{\%} on the 20th postoperative day. Cardiogenic shock due to sustained VT/Vf after CABG may be an indication for ECMO support. Immediate establishment of circulatory support using ECMO provides valuable time for spontaneous and interventional correction of reversible causes of sustained VT/Vf.",
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AU - Chen, Robert J.

AU - Ko, Wen Je

AU - Lin, Fang Yue

PY - 2002/7/10

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N2 - Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be set up quickly at the bedside and provides reliable temporary mechanical circulatory support for severe heart failure. We report the case of a 56-year-old female with circulatory collapse due to sustained ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation (VT/Vf) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) who was successfully resuscitated using ECMO. The sustained VT/Vf might have been secondary to myocardial stunning, ischemia, infarction, or reperfusion. There were 40 cardioversions within the first 5 postoperative days. The patient improved after 8 days of ECMO in addition to use of an intraaortic balloon pump and administration of inotropic agents for profound heart failure. Left ventricular ejection fraction improved from 28% preoperatively to 54.5% on the 20th postoperative day. Cardiogenic shock due to sustained VT/Vf after CABG may be an indication for ECMO support. Immediate establishment of circulatory support using ECMO provides valuable time for spontaneous and interventional correction of reversible causes of sustained VT/Vf.

AB - Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be set up quickly at the bedside and provides reliable temporary mechanical circulatory support for severe heart failure. We report the case of a 56-year-old female with circulatory collapse due to sustained ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation (VT/Vf) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) who was successfully resuscitated using ECMO. The sustained VT/Vf might have been secondary to myocardial stunning, ischemia, infarction, or reperfusion. There were 40 cardioversions within the first 5 postoperative days. The patient improved after 8 days of ECMO in addition to use of an intraaortic balloon pump and administration of inotropic agents for profound heart failure. Left ventricular ejection fraction improved from 28% preoperatively to 54.5% on the 20th postoperative day. Cardiogenic shock due to sustained VT/Vf after CABG may be an indication for ECMO support. Immediate establishment of circulatory support using ECMO provides valuable time for spontaneous and interventional correction of reversible causes of sustained VT/Vf.

KW - Coronary artery bypass grafting

KW - Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

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KW - Ventricular tachycardia

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