Structure and function relationship of Pseudomonas exotoxin A. An immunochemical study

J. Hwang, M. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have raised antisera against Pseudomonas exotoxin A (PE) and domains Ia and III to study the structure-function relationships of PE. Anti-PE antibody (Ab(PE)) was shown to abolish the ADP-ribosylation activity of PE. However, either antidomain Ia antibody nor antidomain III antibody inhibited the ADP-ribosylation activity of PE. This suggests that the inhibition of ADP-ribosylation by Ab(PE) results from the binding of Ab(PE) to the region between domains Ia and III. Since the binding of Ab(PE) to PE did not inhibit NAD hydrolysis in the absence of elongation factor 2, the inhibitory effect of Ab(PE) on ADP-ribosylation may be due to steric hindrance rather than a direct action on the catalytic function. Thus, the interface between domain Ia and III may be the site of entry of elongation factor 2 during ADP-ribosylation. The antibodies were also used to study both the inhibitory effects of PE on protein synthesis and its cytotoxic activity. Either Ab(PE) or antidomain Ia antibody, but not antidomain III antibody, was able to reverse the inhibition of protein synthesis by PE and to bloock its cytotoxicity. In addition, rabbits immunized with domain Ia acquired tolerance against 100 μg of PE injected subcutaneously. These results suggest that domain Ia is the cell-binding domain of PE and may be used for vaccination against PE-mediated diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2379-2384
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume264
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Adenosine Diphosphate
Antibodies
Peptide Elongation Factor 2
Pseudomonas aeruginosa toxA protein
Cytotoxicity
NAD
Immune Sera
Hydrolysis
Vaccination
Proteins
Rabbits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Structure and function relationship of Pseudomonas exotoxin A. An immunochemical study. / Hwang, J.; Chen, M.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 264, No. 4, 1989, p. 2379-2384.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{32199531c70f48318a515be9a8261e80,
title = "Structure and function relationship of Pseudomonas exotoxin A. An immunochemical study",
abstract = "We have raised antisera against Pseudomonas exotoxin A (PE) and domains Ia and III to study the structure-function relationships of PE. Anti-PE antibody (Ab(PE)) was shown to abolish the ADP-ribosylation activity of PE. However, either antidomain Ia antibody nor antidomain III antibody inhibited the ADP-ribosylation activity of PE. This suggests that the inhibition of ADP-ribosylation by Ab(PE) results from the binding of Ab(PE) to the region between domains Ia and III. Since the binding of Ab(PE) to PE did not inhibit NAD hydrolysis in the absence of elongation factor 2, the inhibitory effect of Ab(PE) on ADP-ribosylation may be due to steric hindrance rather than a direct action on the catalytic function. Thus, the interface between domain Ia and III may be the site of entry of elongation factor 2 during ADP-ribosylation. The antibodies were also used to study both the inhibitory effects of PE on protein synthesis and its cytotoxic activity. Either Ab(PE) or antidomain Ia antibody, but not antidomain III antibody, was able to reverse the inhibition of protein synthesis by PE and to bloock its cytotoxicity. In addition, rabbits immunized with domain Ia acquired tolerance against 100 μg of PE injected subcutaneously. These results suggest that domain Ia is the cell-binding domain of PE and may be used for vaccination against PE-mediated diseases.",
author = "J. Hwang and M. Chen",
year = "1989",
language = "English",
volume = "264",
pages = "2379--2384",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
issn = "0021-9258",
publisher = "American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Structure and function relationship of Pseudomonas exotoxin A. An immunochemical study

AU - Hwang, J.

AU - Chen, M.

PY - 1989

Y1 - 1989

N2 - We have raised antisera against Pseudomonas exotoxin A (PE) and domains Ia and III to study the structure-function relationships of PE. Anti-PE antibody (Ab(PE)) was shown to abolish the ADP-ribosylation activity of PE. However, either antidomain Ia antibody nor antidomain III antibody inhibited the ADP-ribosylation activity of PE. This suggests that the inhibition of ADP-ribosylation by Ab(PE) results from the binding of Ab(PE) to the region between domains Ia and III. Since the binding of Ab(PE) to PE did not inhibit NAD hydrolysis in the absence of elongation factor 2, the inhibitory effect of Ab(PE) on ADP-ribosylation may be due to steric hindrance rather than a direct action on the catalytic function. Thus, the interface between domain Ia and III may be the site of entry of elongation factor 2 during ADP-ribosylation. The antibodies were also used to study both the inhibitory effects of PE on protein synthesis and its cytotoxic activity. Either Ab(PE) or antidomain Ia antibody, but not antidomain III antibody, was able to reverse the inhibition of protein synthesis by PE and to bloock its cytotoxicity. In addition, rabbits immunized with domain Ia acquired tolerance against 100 μg of PE injected subcutaneously. These results suggest that domain Ia is the cell-binding domain of PE and may be used for vaccination against PE-mediated diseases.

AB - We have raised antisera against Pseudomonas exotoxin A (PE) and domains Ia and III to study the structure-function relationships of PE. Anti-PE antibody (Ab(PE)) was shown to abolish the ADP-ribosylation activity of PE. However, either antidomain Ia antibody nor antidomain III antibody inhibited the ADP-ribosylation activity of PE. This suggests that the inhibition of ADP-ribosylation by Ab(PE) results from the binding of Ab(PE) to the region between domains Ia and III. Since the binding of Ab(PE) to PE did not inhibit NAD hydrolysis in the absence of elongation factor 2, the inhibitory effect of Ab(PE) on ADP-ribosylation may be due to steric hindrance rather than a direct action on the catalytic function. Thus, the interface between domain Ia and III may be the site of entry of elongation factor 2 during ADP-ribosylation. The antibodies were also used to study both the inhibitory effects of PE on protein synthesis and its cytotoxic activity. Either Ab(PE) or antidomain Ia antibody, but not antidomain III antibody, was able to reverse the inhibition of protein synthesis by PE and to bloock its cytotoxicity. In addition, rabbits immunized with domain Ia acquired tolerance against 100 μg of PE injected subcutaneously. These results suggest that domain Ia is the cell-binding domain of PE and may be used for vaccination against PE-mediated diseases.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024538269&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0024538269&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 264

SP - 2379

EP - 2384

JO - Journal of Biological Chemistry

JF - Journal of Biological Chemistry

SN - 0021-9258

IS - 4

ER -