Structural investigations of hybrid TiO 2/CNTs nanomaterials

Kuan Nan Lin, Wei Jen Liou, Hong Ming Lin, Tsung Yeh Yang, Chung Kwei Lin

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present study, pure TiO 2 and hybrid TiO 2/CNTs nanomaterials are prepared by sol gel technique. Post heat treatment is performed at 600, 800, and 1000 °C, respectively. The structural characterizations are performed by field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy techniques. Experimental results show that anatase to rutile transformation can be observed for pure TiO 2 nanomaterials after heat treatment at 800 °C. The anatase to rutile transformation is inhibited by carbon nanotubes, and therefore only anatase phases for TiO 2 nanomaterials can be observed in the hybrid nanomaterials. The 600 °C hybrid nanomaterials show a microstructure with CNTs covered by continuous TiO 2 films of numerous small nanoparticles. After applying heat treatment on the hybrid nanomaterials at 1000 °C, only TiO 2 nanoparticles adhere individually to the uncovered CNTs. Though all hybrid nanomaterials exhibit anatase TiO 2, synchrotron X-ray absorption spectra investigations reveal that hybrid TiO 2/CNTs exhibit different electronic properties as compared to those of pure TiO 2 nanomaterials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3155-3161
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Hybrid materials
  • Phase transformation
  • Synchrotron x-ray absorption spectroscopy
  • TiO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

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