Tissue stroma is known to be important in regulating Hp-mediated inflammation, but its interaction with Hp and dendritic cells (DCs) remains to be determined. To this end, the potential crosstalk between H. pylori (Hp) infected gastric stromal cells (Hp-GSCs) and DCs was investigated. Primary GSCs from cancerous and adjacent normal tissues were generated from gastric cancer patients, and monocyte-derived DCs were obtained from healthy individuals. Levels of cytokines and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) were measured by ELISA, and C-type lectin expression in GSCs was assessed by flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry. In a trans-well co-culture system, significantly upregulated DC-derived IL-23 expression was found when DCs were co-cultured with Hp-infected GSCs (Hp-GSCs). Further, PGE2 from Hp-GSCs was discovered to possess the priming effect, which could be inhibited by anti-COLEC12 (Collectin subfamily member 12) Abs, COLEC12 knockdown or when alpha3-fucosyltransferase-null (futB; HP0651) strain of Hp was used. Also, the expression of COLEC12 was co-localized with CD90+ stromal cells in cancerous tissues. Hp-GSCs-conditioned DCs were able to induce the expression of IL-17 from CD4+ T cells, which could be inhibited by IL-23-neutralizing Abs. These results suggested the importance of COLEC12 as a receptor involved in Hp-stromal cell interaction and its subsequent conditioning effect on DCs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas