Stress effect on bone remodeling and osseointegration on dental implant with novel nano/microporous surface functionalization

Han Yi Cheng, Kuo Tien Chu, Fa Chih Shen, Yung Ning Pan, Hsin Hua Chou, Keng Liang Ou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the stress distributions of a surface-treated dental implant and bone tissue under physiological loading. For ensuring success of dental implant treatment, one must examine the magnitude and location of the maximum stresses. Stress analysis models were constructed from computer tomography data. Although several studies have investigated finite element models of dental implants, none have used an implant model with a nanoporous layer in a biomimetic geometrical mandible model. The novel implant surface used in this study, comprised of a microlevel porous containing a nanolevel porous structure, was complex and it was difficult to present due to the limitation of computer efficiency. However, this complex geometry was simplified using a film, to further investigate stresses resulting from 0 nm, 50 nm, 500 nm, 5 μm, and 50 μm surface treatment thicknesses. Results indicated that the stresses transferred more uniformly in implants with nanoporous surface treatments, and that the stresses decreased with increasing layer thickness. Our study showed that this could be potentially beneficial for understanding the stress properties of surface-treated layers for dental implants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1158-1164
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
Volume101 A
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

Fingerprint

Dental prostheses
Bone
Surface treatment
Biomimetics
Stress analysis
Tomography
Stress concentration
Tissue
Geometry

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Finite element analysis
  • Implant surface
  • Nanoporous
  • Von Mises stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

Stress effect on bone remodeling and osseointegration on dental implant with novel nano/microporous surface functionalization. / Cheng, Han Yi; Chu, Kuo Tien; Shen, Fa Chih; Pan, Yung Ning; Chou, Hsin Hua; Ou, Keng Liang.

In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A, Vol. 101 A, No. 4, 04.2013, p. 1158-1164.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cheng, Han Yi ; Chu, Kuo Tien ; Shen, Fa Chih ; Pan, Yung Ning ; Chou, Hsin Hua ; Ou, Keng Liang. / Stress effect on bone remodeling and osseointegration on dental implant with novel nano/microporous surface functionalization. In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A. 2013 ; Vol. 101 A, No. 4. pp. 1158-1164.
@article{6c0413dc3b9b4f74b179ce2d5eaf55ad,
title = "Stress effect on bone remodeling and osseointegration on dental implant with novel nano/microporous surface functionalization",
abstract = "The objective of this study was to investigate the stress distributions of a surface-treated dental implant and bone tissue under physiological loading. For ensuring success of dental implant treatment, one must examine the magnitude and location of the maximum stresses. Stress analysis models were constructed from computer tomography data. Although several studies have investigated finite element models of dental implants, none have used an implant model with a nanoporous layer in a biomimetic geometrical mandible model. The novel implant surface used in this study, comprised of a microlevel porous containing a nanolevel porous structure, was complex and it was difficult to present due to the limitation of computer efficiency. However, this complex geometry was simplified using a film, to further investigate stresses resulting from 0 nm, 50 nm, 500 nm, 5 μm, and 50 μm surface treatment thicknesses. Results indicated that the stresses transferred more uniformly in implants with nanoporous surface treatments, and that the stresses decreased with increasing layer thickness. Our study showed that this could be potentially beneficial for understanding the stress properties of surface-treated layers for dental implants.",
keywords = "Biomechanics, Finite element analysis, Implant surface, Nanoporous, Von Mises stress",
author = "Cheng, {Han Yi} and Chu, {Kuo Tien} and Shen, {Fa Chih} and Pan, {Yung Ning} and Chou, {Hsin Hua} and Ou, {Keng Liang}",
year = "2013",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1002/jbm.a.34415",
language = "English",
volume = "101 A",
pages = "1158--1164",
journal = "Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials",
issn = "1552-4973",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stress effect on bone remodeling and osseointegration on dental implant with novel nano/microporous surface functionalization

AU - Cheng, Han Yi

AU - Chu, Kuo Tien

AU - Shen, Fa Chih

AU - Pan, Yung Ning

AU - Chou, Hsin Hua

AU - Ou, Keng Liang

PY - 2013/4

Y1 - 2013/4

N2 - The objective of this study was to investigate the stress distributions of a surface-treated dental implant and bone tissue under physiological loading. For ensuring success of dental implant treatment, one must examine the magnitude and location of the maximum stresses. Stress analysis models were constructed from computer tomography data. Although several studies have investigated finite element models of dental implants, none have used an implant model with a nanoporous layer in a biomimetic geometrical mandible model. The novel implant surface used in this study, comprised of a microlevel porous containing a nanolevel porous structure, was complex and it was difficult to present due to the limitation of computer efficiency. However, this complex geometry was simplified using a film, to further investigate stresses resulting from 0 nm, 50 nm, 500 nm, 5 μm, and 50 μm surface treatment thicknesses. Results indicated that the stresses transferred more uniformly in implants with nanoporous surface treatments, and that the stresses decreased with increasing layer thickness. Our study showed that this could be potentially beneficial for understanding the stress properties of surface-treated layers for dental implants.

AB - The objective of this study was to investigate the stress distributions of a surface-treated dental implant and bone tissue under physiological loading. For ensuring success of dental implant treatment, one must examine the magnitude and location of the maximum stresses. Stress analysis models were constructed from computer tomography data. Although several studies have investigated finite element models of dental implants, none have used an implant model with a nanoporous layer in a biomimetic geometrical mandible model. The novel implant surface used in this study, comprised of a microlevel porous containing a nanolevel porous structure, was complex and it was difficult to present due to the limitation of computer efficiency. However, this complex geometry was simplified using a film, to further investigate stresses resulting from 0 nm, 50 nm, 500 nm, 5 μm, and 50 μm surface treatment thicknesses. Results indicated that the stresses transferred more uniformly in implants with nanoporous surface treatments, and that the stresses decreased with increasing layer thickness. Our study showed that this could be potentially beneficial for understanding the stress properties of surface-treated layers for dental implants.

KW - Biomechanics

KW - Finite element analysis

KW - Implant surface

KW - Nanoporous

KW - Von Mises stress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84876172999&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84876172999&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/jbm.a.34415

DO - 10.1002/jbm.a.34415

M3 - Article

C2 - 23065706

AN - SCOPUS:84876172999

VL - 101 A

SP - 1158

EP - 1164

JO - Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials

JF - Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials

SN - 1552-4973

IS - 4

ER -