Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome after hemorrhoidectomy: A case report

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Abstract

BACKGROUND Streptococcal toxic-shock syndrome after hemorrhoidectomy is rare but may be catastrophic. Group A streptococci have produced various surface proteins and exotoxins due to genetic changes to fight the human body’s immune response. Though life threatening infection after hemorrhoidectomy rarely occurs, all surgeons should be aware of the potential complications of severe sepsis after hemorrhoidectomy and keep in mind their clinical presenting features in order to diagnose early and administer appropriate and effective therapeutic drugs early. CASE SUMMARY Here, we present a case of a 56-year-old man with a painful thrombotic external hemorrhoid who presented to our outpatient department for management. There was no history of systemic diseases or recent disease infection. Hemorrhoidectomy was suggested and performed. After surgery, the patient developed hypotension, tachycardia, fever with chills and renal function impairment on day 2 post-operation. The clinical condition progressed to severe septic shock and metabolic acidosis. The patient responded poorly to treatment and expired after 1 d even with use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. The results of the blood and wound cultures showed group A streptococcus pyogenes. CONCLUSION Although extremely uncommon, all surgeons should be aware of these potential life-threatening septic complications and alert to the presenting features for patients receiving hemorrhoidectomy

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10238-10243
Number of pages6
JournalWorld Journal of Clinical Cases
Volume9
Issue number33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 26 2021

Keywords

  • Case report
  • Hemorrhoid
  • Sepsis
  • Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome
  • Streptococcus pyogenes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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