Statins dose-dependently exert significant chemopreventive effects against various cancers in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients: A population-based cohort study

Chun Chao Chen, Yi Ping Hsu, Ju Chi Liu, Pai Feng Kao, Li Chin Sung, Chao Feng Lin, Wen Rui Hao, Shing Hwa Liu, Szu Yuan Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with an increased cancer risk. We evaluated the chemopreventive effect of statins against all cancers in COPD patients and identified the statin with the strongest chemopreventive effect. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients diagnosed with COPD at health care facilities in Taiwan (n = 116,017) from January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2012, were recruited. Each patient was followed to assess the following protective and risk factors for all cancers: age; sex; comorbidities (diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia) and the Charlson comorbidity index [CCI]); urbanization level; monthly income; and nonstatin drug use. The index date of statins use was the date of COPD confirmation. Propensity scores (PSs) were derived using a logistic regression model to estimate the effect of statins by considering the covariates predicting intervention (statins) receipt. To examine the dose-response relationship, we categorized statin use into four groups in each cohort (< 28 [statin nonusers], 28-90, 91-365, and > 365 cumulative defined daily dose). RESULTS: After PS adjustment for age, sex, CCI, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, urbanization level, and monthly income, we analyzed the all-cancer risk. The adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) for the all-cancer risk were lower among statin users than among statin nonusers (aHR = 0.46, 95% confidence interval: 0.43 to 0.50). The aHRs for the all-cancer risk were lower among patients using rosuvastatin, simvastatin, atorvastatin, pravastatin, and fluvastatin than among statin nonusers (aHRs = 0.42, 0.55, 0.59, 0.66, and 0.78, respectively). Sensitivity analysis indicated that statins dose-dependently reduced the all-cancer risk. CONCLUSION: Statins dose-dependently exert a significant chemopreventive effect against various cancers in COPD patients. In particular, rosuvastatin has the strongest chemopreventive effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1892-1900
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cancer
Volume7
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • COPD
  • Statin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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