State-dependent alterations of lipid profiles in patients with bipolar disorder

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Abstract

Objective: Serum lipid levels may be associated with the affective severity of bipolar disorder, but data on lipid profiles in Asian patients with bipolar disorder and the lipid alterations in different states of opposite polarities are scant. We investigated the lipid profiles of patients in the acute affective, partial, and full remission state in bipolar mania and depression. Methods: The physically healthy patients aged between 18 and 45 years with bipolar I disorder, as well as age-matched healthy normal controls were enrolled. We compared the fasting blood levels of glucose, cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein, and high-density lipoprotein of manic or depressed patients in the acute phase and subsequent partial and full remission with those of their normal controls. Results: A total of 32 bipolar manic patients (12 women and 20 men), 32 bipolar depressed participants (18 women and 14 men), and 64 healthy control participants took part in this study. The mean cholesterol level in acute mania was significantly lower than that in acute depression (p < 0.025). The lowest rate of dyslipidemia (hypertriglyceridemia or low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) was observed in acute bipolar mania. Conclusion: Circulating lipid profiles may be easily affected by affective states. The acute manic state may be accompanied by state-dependent lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels relative to that in other mood states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-281
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2018

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Keywords

  • bipolar disorder
  • cholesterol
  • depression
  • mania
  • triglyceride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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