Startle epilepsy presenting as drop attacks: A case report

Y. Y. Lin, M. S. Su, C. H. Yiu, S. Y. Kwan, Y. F. Tu, W. Y. Guo, Tai-Tong Wong, K. P. Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A case of startle epilepsy, induced by an unexpected touch on the left shoulder of a 3.5 year old boy, was investigated. The startle epilepsy manifestated as an atonic drop attack. Neurological examination revealed a mild hemiparesis on the left side. Computed tomography (CT) scanning demonstrated an enhancement over the right parietofrontal region, suggesting a hemangioma. Interictal electroencephalography (EEG) showed diffuse slowing an asymmetry of background activities with lower amplitude over the right centro-parieto-temporal region. The ictal EEG showed a paroxysmal bilaterally synchronized high amplitude single spike followed by a few slow waves lasting about one second over the bilateral centro-parieto-temporal regions. The seizure resisted anticonvulsant therapy and no significant responses were observed despite the use of combined therapy with valproic acid, phenytoin, primidone and clonazepam.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-273
Number of pages4
JournalChinese Medical Journal (Taipei)
Volume56
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • drop attack
  • startle epilepsy
  • tactile stimuli

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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