Annexins (ANXs) are a family of calcium dependent phospholipid binding proteins. Phospholipids such as phosphatidylserine are rapidly exposed on the surfaces of injured endothelial cells, activated platelets, and apoptotic cells in a large number of disorders. In this study, annexin V and XI (ANXV and ANXXI) were individually fused to the C-terminal of staphylokinase (SAK), a fibrin-selective thrombolytic protein, to form chimeras for evaluation of their in-vitro thrombolytic activities. The two chimeras were found to have plasminogen activation activity of comparable efficiency. When the chimeras were challenged under higher concentrations of plasmin for 1 h, hydrolysis of them into moieties was not seen on SDS-PAGE. In two thrombolytic assays, SAK-ANXXI was found to resolve both platelet rich plasma (PRP) clots and platelet poor plasma (PPP) clots with an efficiency similar to that of SAK. However, SAK-ANXV showed significantly reduced efficiency. With regard to anticoagulation ability, SAK-ANXXI was also found to have a stronger effect on dose-dependent extension of clotting time among the four tested proteins. The unique long N-terminal tail of ANXXI, composed of 202 residues, in contrast to the 16 residues of ANXV, probably served successfully to dispatch two moieties to function properly in a complicated microenvironment. Hence, a new option other than the most committed ANXV for the ANX based chimera without elaboration of linker construction is presented.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry