Untreated staghorn calculi can cause xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP), diminished renal function, and renal malignancy. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the upper urinary tract is associated with kidney stones and chronic infection, but their association with transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) has not been proven and has rarely been reported in literature. We present a rare case of staghorn calculi and XGP associated with TCC.
- Renal pelvis
- Staghorn calculus
- Transitional cell carcinoma
- Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis
ASJC Scopus subject areas