Stages of change, determinants, and mortality for smoking cessation in adult Taiwanese screenees

Dih Ling Luh, Hsiu Hsi Chen, Long Ren Liao, Li-Sheng Chen, Ming-Fang Yen, Ting Ting Wang, Sherry Y ueh Hsia Chiu, Ching Yuan Fann

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Abstract

We aimed to investigate the associations between three smoking-related constructs (pros and cons of smoking, temptation to smoke, and self-efficacy of resisting smoking) and stage of change (precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, and action) based on the transtheoretical model among smokers attending a community-based screening program. We also assessed their effects on long-term all-cause mortality. A prospective cohort study, with an average of 7 years of follow-up, was conducted by enrolling 454 male smoking screenees. The comparisons of the mean score of each variable pertaining to three smoking-related constructs across four stages of smoking cessation were assessed by analysis of variance. The impacts of both smoking-related constructs and smoking cessation stage measured at baseline on 7-year mortality were assessed by using proportional hazards regression model. The differences in the mean scores of pros and cons of smoking, temptation to smoke, and self-efficacy of resisting smoking across four stages of smoking cessation were statistically significant (P 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-312
Number of pages12
JournalPrevention Science
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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