Stages of change, determinants, and mortality for smoking cessation in adult Taiwanese screenees

Dih Ling Luh, Hsiu Hsi Chen, Long Ren Liao, Li-Sheng Chen, Ming-Fang Yen, Ting Ting Wang, Sherry Y ueh Hsia Chiu, Ching Yuan Fann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We aimed to investigate the associations between three smoking-related constructs (pros and cons of smoking, temptation to smoke, and self-efficacy of resisting smoking) and stage of change (precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, and action) based on the transtheoretical model among smokers attending a community-based screening program. We also assessed their effects on long-term all-cause mortality. A prospective cohort study, with an average of 7 years of follow-up, was conducted by enrolling 454 male smoking screenees. The comparisons of the mean score of each variable pertaining to three smoking-related constructs across four stages of smoking cessation were assessed by analysis of variance. The impacts of both smoking-related constructs and smoking cessation stage measured at baseline on 7-year mortality were assessed by using proportional hazards regression model. The differences in the mean scores of pros and cons of smoking, temptation to smoke, and self-efficacy of resisting smoking across four stages of smoking cessation were statistically significant (P 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-312
Number of pages12
JournalPrevention Science
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Smoking Cessation
Smoking
Mortality
Self Efficacy
Smoke
Proportional Hazards Models
Analysis of Variance
Cohort Studies
Prospective Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Stages of change, determinants, and mortality for smoking cessation in adult Taiwanese screenees. / Luh, Dih Ling; Chen, Hsiu Hsi; Liao, Long Ren; Chen, Li-Sheng; Yen, Ming-Fang; Wang, Ting Ting; Chiu, Sherry Y ueh Hsia; Fann, Ching Yuan.

In: Prevention Science, Vol. 16, No. 2, 01.02.2015, p. 301-312.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Luh, Dih Ling ; Chen, Hsiu Hsi ; Liao, Long Ren ; Chen, Li-Sheng ; Yen, Ming-Fang ; Wang, Ting Ting ; Chiu, Sherry Y ueh Hsia ; Fann, Ching Yuan. / Stages of change, determinants, and mortality for smoking cessation in adult Taiwanese screenees. In: Prevention Science. 2015 ; Vol. 16, No. 2. pp. 301-312.
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