BACKGROUND: There is a limited amount of information available on treatment efficacy and optimal management of squamous cell carcinoma of bladder. The goal of this study was to assess the long-term outcome of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder treated using different modalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the medical records of 22 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder treated at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital from 1986 though 1996 was performed. The follow-up period ranged from 12 months to 111 months. RESULTS: The treatment modalities included transurethral resection in 7 patients, radical cystectomy with urinary diversion in 6 patients, preoperative radiation followed by total cystectomy in 8 patients, and partial cystectomy in one patient. The overall 5-year survival rate was 9%. Only 6 patients (27.3%) in this series were alive two years after diagnosis. Treatment using a combination of modalities including preoperative radiation followed by total cystectomy resulted in a 5-year survival rate of 12.5% in 8 patients. Total cystectomy alone in 6 patients resulted in a 5-year survival rate of 0%. However, the difference in survival rates between these 2 treatment groups was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that no definite significance concerning the role of preoperative radiation followed by total cystectomy could be drawn. The results were probably because most of our patients had locally advanced bladder cancer. Another consideration is the small sample size, which may have affected the significance. Although, cystectomy did not improve the 5-year survival rate of patients in this series, it improved the 2-year survival rate.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Changgeng yi xue za zhi / Changgeng ji nian yi yuan = Chang Gung medical journal / Chang Gung Memorial Hospital|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1998|
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