Spleen tyrosine kinase mediates EGFR signaling to regulate keratinocyte terminal differentiation

Nan Lin Wu, Duen Yi Huang, Li Fang Wang, Reiji Kannagi, Yu Ching Fan, Wan Wan Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk), a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase, was initially identified as a crucial regulator in proximal immunoreceptor signaling. Additional studies have revealed its pleiotropic roles, and drugs targeting Syk are under development for inflammatory diseases. Syk expression in the skin has been detected, but its functions in the skin are still unknown. Here, we found that Syk phosphorylation and expression in primary human keratinocytes decreased gradually along with terminal differentiation. Human skin specimens showed similar in vivo patterns. Syk inhibitors or knockdown of Syk increased the expression of differentiation markers under in vitro differentiation models. Furthermore, EGFR activation prominently induced Syk phosphorylation, which could be inhibited by the EGFR inhibitor gefitinib or knockdown of EGFR. The Src inhibitor also partially attenuated EGF-induced phosphorylation of Syk. However, Syk inhibition suppressed EGF-induced phosphorylation of EGFR. Immunoprecipitation and confocal microscopy further revealed the increased molecular interaction between EGFR and Syk after EGF stimulation. This study unravels the role of Syk in EGFR-mediated signaling and reveals regulatory roles of Syk in keratinocyte differentiation, suggesting the clinical potential of topical or systemic Syk inhibitors in the treatment of skin diseases with aberrant differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-201
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume136
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Medicine(all)

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