Sphingosine-1-phosphate in endothelial cell recellularization improves patency and endothelialization of decellularized vascular grafts in vivo

Kai Hsia, Chih Hsun Lin, Hsin Yu Lee, Wei Min Chen, Chao Ling Yao, Chien Chin Chen, Hsu Ma, Shyh Jen Wang, Jen Her Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: S1P has been shown to improve the endothelialization of decellularized vascular grafts in vitro. Here, we evaluated the potential of tissue-engineered vascular grafts (TEVGs) constructed by ECs and S1P on decellularized vascular scaffolds in a rat model. Methods: Rat aorta was decellularized mainly by 0.1% SDS and characterized by histology. Rat ECs, were seeded onto decellularized scaffolds, and the viability of the ECs was evaluated by biochemical assays. Then, we investigated the in vivo patency rate and endothelialization for five groups of decellularized vascular grafts (each n = 6) in a rat abdominal aorta model for 14 days. The five groups included (1) rat allogenic aorta (RAA); (2) decellularized RAA (DRAA); (3) DRAA with S1P (DRAA/S1P); (4) DRAA with EC recellularization (DRAA/EC); and (5) DRAA with S1P and EC recellularization (DRAA/EC/S1P). Results: In vitro, ECs were identified by the uptake of Dil-Ac-LDL. S1P enhanced the expression of syndecan-1 on ECs and supported the proliferation of ECs on decellularized vascular grafts. In vivo, RAA and DRAA/EC/S1P both had 100% patency without thrombus formation within 14 days. Better endothelialization, more wall structure maintenance and less inflammation were noted in the DRAA/EC/S1P group. In contrast, there was thrombus formation in the DRAA, DRAA/S1P and DRAA/EC groups. Conclusion: S1P could inhibit thrombus formation to improve the patency rate of EC-covered decellularized vascular grafts in vivo and may play an important role in the construction of TEVGs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1641
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume20
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Endothelial cell
  • Sphingosine-1-phosphate
  • Syndecan-1
  • Thrombosis
  • Vascular graft

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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