Soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cell-1 (sTREM-1): A new mediator involved in early ankylosing spondylitis

Chun Hsiung Chen, Hsien Tzung Liao, Hung An Chen, Toong Hua Liang, Chin Tien Wang, Chung Tei Chou

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. To investigate the possible role of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Methods. Serum sTREM-1 levels were measured in 80 patients withAS and 30 healthy controls, and synovial fluid (SF) sTREM-1 levels were tested in 6 AS patients using ELISA. Demographic data were collected, and patient's disease activity (BASDAI), functional ability (BASFI), and global assessment (BAS-G) were evaluated. We also tested erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), and IgA in these patients. Results. Serum sTREM-1 levels were detectable (definition, ≥ 15 pg/ml) in 31.3% (25/80) of the AS patients, as compared to only 10% (3/30) of healthy controls (p = 0.027). SF sTREM-1 levels were detectable (≥ 15 pg/ml) in 83% (5/6) of the AS patients. The detectable rate of sTREM-1 in SF was significantly higher than in serum (p = 0.018). Disease duration was shorter in AS patients with "higher" serum sTREM-1 levels (≥ 30 pg/ml) versus those with "lower" levels (<30 pg/ml) [mean (SD), 4.3 (3.7) vs 8.6 (7.8) yrs, p = 0.036], but the differences between these 2 groups of patients were not evident based on results of BASDAI, BASFI, BAS-G, ESR, CRP, or IgA levels. Of note, serum sTREM-1 levels inversely correlated with disease duration (r = -0.433, p = 0.03) in the 25 AS patients with detectable sTREM-1 levels. Conclusion. sTREM-1 seems to be a new mediator involved in patients with AS, particularly in the early stages of disease. The Journal of Rheumatology

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1846-1848
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume35
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

Keywords

  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Disease duration
  • Serum
  • Soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cell-1
  • Synovial fluid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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    Chen, C. H., Liao, H. T., Chen, H. A., Liang, T. H., Wang, C. T., & Chou, C. T. (2008). Soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cell-1 (sTREM-1): A new mediator involved in early ankylosing spondylitis. Journal of Rheumatology, 35(9), 1846-1848.