Social influences and self-efficacy as predictors of youth smoking initiation and cessation: A 3-year longitudinal study of vocational high school students in Taiwan

Fong Ching Chang, Ching Mei Lee, Hsiang Ru Lai, Jeng Tung Chiang, Pi Hsia Lee, Wen Jau Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: This 3-year longitudinal study examined changes in patterns of risk factors and protective factors of smoking initiation and cessation among vocational high school students in Taipei, Taiwan. Design and setting: In 2000, a total of 2151 10th grade students from 16 vocational high schools were assessed and followed up in the 11th and 12th grades. Self-administered questionnaires were collected in each year to assess the pattern of changes in smoking behaviors, and risk and protective factors. Findings: Of the 1654 non-smokers in the 10th grade, 227 students initiated smoking by the 12th grade. Higher risk factors such as peer smoking, peers offering cigarettes, alcohol use and lower protective factors, such as refusal self-efficacy, antismoking attitude and belief in the 10th grade predicted youth initiation by grade 12. Increases in risk factors and decreases in protective factors during the years from 10th to 12th grades were associated significantly with youth smoking initiation. Of the 494 smokers in the 10th grade, 76 students quit smoking by the 12th grade. Lower risk factors and higher protective factors in 10th grade smokers predict youth smoking cessation by grade 12. Decreases in risk factors and increases in protective factors were associated significantly with youth smoking cessation. Conclusions: The risk factors (i.e. social influences) and protective factors (i.e. self-efficacy) examined in this study predict both youth smoking initiation and youth smoking cessation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1645-1655
Number of pages11
JournalAddiction
Volume101
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006

Fingerprint

Smoking Cessation
Self Efficacy
Taiwan
Longitudinal Studies
Students
Smoking
Protective Factors
Tobacco Products
Alcohols

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Cessation
  • Initiation
  • Longitudinal study
  • Smoking
  • Taiwan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Social influences and self-efficacy as predictors of youth smoking initiation and cessation : A 3-year longitudinal study of vocational high school students in Taiwan. / Chang, Fong Ching; Lee, Ching Mei; Lai, Hsiang Ru; Chiang, Jeng Tung; Lee, Pi Hsia; Chen, Wen Jau.

In: Addiction, Vol. 101, No. 11, 11.2006, p. 1645-1655.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chang, Fong Ching ; Lee, Ching Mei ; Lai, Hsiang Ru ; Chiang, Jeng Tung ; Lee, Pi Hsia ; Chen, Wen Jau. / Social influences and self-efficacy as predictors of youth smoking initiation and cessation : A 3-year longitudinal study of vocational high school students in Taiwan. In: Addiction. 2006 ; Vol. 101, No. 11. pp. 1645-1655.
@article{28b2507b11124b0ea2beb8adb5b6eb9a,
title = "Social influences and self-efficacy as predictors of youth smoking initiation and cessation: A 3-year longitudinal study of vocational high school students in Taiwan",
abstract = "Aims: This 3-year longitudinal study examined changes in patterns of risk factors and protective factors of smoking initiation and cessation among vocational high school students in Taipei, Taiwan. Design and setting: In 2000, a total of 2151 10th grade students from 16 vocational high schools were assessed and followed up in the 11th and 12th grades. Self-administered questionnaires were collected in each year to assess the pattern of changes in smoking behaviors, and risk and protective factors. Findings: Of the 1654 non-smokers in the 10th grade, 227 students initiated smoking by the 12th grade. Higher risk factors such as peer smoking, peers offering cigarettes, alcohol use and lower protective factors, such as refusal self-efficacy, antismoking attitude and belief in the 10th grade predicted youth initiation by grade 12. Increases in risk factors and decreases in protective factors during the years from 10th to 12th grades were associated significantly with youth smoking initiation. Of the 494 smokers in the 10th grade, 76 students quit smoking by the 12th grade. Lower risk factors and higher protective factors in 10th grade smokers predict youth smoking cessation by grade 12. Decreases in risk factors and increases in protective factors were associated significantly with youth smoking cessation. Conclusions: The risk factors (i.e. social influences) and protective factors (i.e. self-efficacy) examined in this study predict both youth smoking initiation and youth smoking cessation.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Cessation, Initiation, Longitudinal study, Smoking, Taiwan",
author = "Chang, {Fong Ching} and Lee, {Ching Mei} and Lai, {Hsiang Ru} and Chiang, {Jeng Tung} and Lee, {Pi Hsia} and Chen, {Wen Jau}",
year = "2006",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1111/j.1360-0443.2006.01607.x",
language = "English",
volume = "101",
pages = "1645--1655",
journal = "Addiction",
issn = "0965-2140",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social influences and self-efficacy as predictors of youth smoking initiation and cessation

T2 - A 3-year longitudinal study of vocational high school students in Taiwan

AU - Chang, Fong Ching

AU - Lee, Ching Mei

AU - Lai, Hsiang Ru

AU - Chiang, Jeng Tung

AU - Lee, Pi Hsia

AU - Chen, Wen Jau

PY - 2006/11

Y1 - 2006/11

N2 - Aims: This 3-year longitudinal study examined changes in patterns of risk factors and protective factors of smoking initiation and cessation among vocational high school students in Taipei, Taiwan. Design and setting: In 2000, a total of 2151 10th grade students from 16 vocational high schools were assessed and followed up in the 11th and 12th grades. Self-administered questionnaires were collected in each year to assess the pattern of changes in smoking behaviors, and risk and protective factors. Findings: Of the 1654 non-smokers in the 10th grade, 227 students initiated smoking by the 12th grade. Higher risk factors such as peer smoking, peers offering cigarettes, alcohol use and lower protective factors, such as refusal self-efficacy, antismoking attitude and belief in the 10th grade predicted youth initiation by grade 12. Increases in risk factors and decreases in protective factors during the years from 10th to 12th grades were associated significantly with youth smoking initiation. Of the 494 smokers in the 10th grade, 76 students quit smoking by the 12th grade. Lower risk factors and higher protective factors in 10th grade smokers predict youth smoking cessation by grade 12. Decreases in risk factors and increases in protective factors were associated significantly with youth smoking cessation. Conclusions: The risk factors (i.e. social influences) and protective factors (i.e. self-efficacy) examined in this study predict both youth smoking initiation and youth smoking cessation.

AB - Aims: This 3-year longitudinal study examined changes in patterns of risk factors and protective factors of smoking initiation and cessation among vocational high school students in Taipei, Taiwan. Design and setting: In 2000, a total of 2151 10th grade students from 16 vocational high schools were assessed and followed up in the 11th and 12th grades. Self-administered questionnaires were collected in each year to assess the pattern of changes in smoking behaviors, and risk and protective factors. Findings: Of the 1654 non-smokers in the 10th grade, 227 students initiated smoking by the 12th grade. Higher risk factors such as peer smoking, peers offering cigarettes, alcohol use and lower protective factors, such as refusal self-efficacy, antismoking attitude and belief in the 10th grade predicted youth initiation by grade 12. Increases in risk factors and decreases in protective factors during the years from 10th to 12th grades were associated significantly with youth smoking initiation. Of the 494 smokers in the 10th grade, 76 students quit smoking by the 12th grade. Lower risk factors and higher protective factors in 10th grade smokers predict youth smoking cessation by grade 12. Decreases in risk factors and increases in protective factors were associated significantly with youth smoking cessation. Conclusions: The risk factors (i.e. social influences) and protective factors (i.e. self-efficacy) examined in this study predict both youth smoking initiation and youth smoking cessation.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Cessation

KW - Initiation

KW - Longitudinal study

KW - Smoking

KW - Taiwan

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33749507985&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33749507985&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2006.01607.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2006.01607.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 17034445

AN - SCOPUS:33749507985

VL - 101

SP - 1645

EP - 1655

JO - Addiction

JF - Addiction

SN - 0965-2140

IS - 11

ER -