Single-nucleotide polymorphism of rs7944135 (macrophage-expressed gene 1) is associated with hepatitis B surface antigen seroclearance in chronic hepatitis B infection: A cohort study

Lalu Muhammad Irham, Henry Sung Ching Wong, Dyah Aryani Perwitasari, Wan Hsuan Chou, Hwai I. Yang, Wei Chiao Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Clearance of the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) is the ultimate aim of treatment for patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection. Genetic, factor age, and gender were reported to be involved in the clearance of HBsAg. However, the rate of HBsAg seroclearance in CHB patients is still low globally and few of the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) had been identified to associated with HBsAg seroclearance in CHB patients.Recently, 3 associated SNPs (rs7944135, rs171941, and rs6462008) were reported in the clearance of HBsAg in the Korean population. However, these SNPs have not been investigated in the CHB Taiwanese population. In present study, these 3 SNPs were genotyped in 2565 Taiwanese CHB patients including 493 CHB patients with HBsAg seroclearance and 2072 without HBsAg seroclearance.We observed that SNP rs7944135 was solely associated with HBsAg seroclearance. Subjects with the AA genotype at rs7944135 of macrophage-expressed gene 1 had a higher susceptibility to HBsAg clearance, compared to those with the AG or GG genotype under the genotypic model (odds ratio [OR]=1.76. 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.14-2.72, P=.045). Furthermore, we found a 1.74-fold increased risk of acquiring HBsAg seroclearance associated with the AA genotype compared to AG+GG of rs7944135 under the recessive model (OR=1.74. 95% CI=1.13-2.66, P=.014). According to the cumulative fraction curve with the log-rank test revealed that patients with the AA genotype of rs7944135 showed higher susceptibility to occur HBsAg seroclearance (P=.039) and HBV DNA undetectable (P=.0074) compared to those with the AG or GG genotype.This study examined the associations of 3 SNPs (rs7944135, rs171941, and rs6462008) with HBsAg seroclearance, and we identified that rs7944135 is solely associated with HBsAg seroclearance in Taiwanese CHB patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere17936
JournalMedicine (United States)
Volume98
Issue number51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2019

Keywords

  • CHB
  • HBsAg seroclearance
  • HBV
  • rs7944135
  • single-nucleotide polymorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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