Serum fatty acid composition in primary school children is associated with serum cholesterol levels and dietary fat intake

H. H. Cheng, Y. Y. Wen, C. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To examine the serum fatty acid composition, serum cholesterol levels, and dietary fat intake associated with body composition in primary school children of both urban and rural regions in Taiwan. Design: Subjects were randomly stratified by region and primary school. The sample consisted of 870 children aged 10 and 11 y old. The sample was equally distributed between an urban region (Kaohsiung City) and a rural region (Yunlin County). The gender ratio of samples from each area was matched. Food record-assisted 24-h dietary recalls and serum lipid measurements were collected for each child, and associations between serum total cholesterol (TC) and fatty acids composition as well as between body mass index (BMI) and triceps skinfold (TSF) were evaluated for both urban and rural regions. Results: Compared with students in the urban region, those in the rural region had significantly lower total fat intake, BMI, TSF, TC, and LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) and higher HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1613-1620
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume57
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2003

Keywords

  • Lipid profile
  • Rural and urban regions
  • School children
  • Serum fatty acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

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