Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies among Atayal aboriginal people and their hunting dogs in northeastern Taiwan

Chia Kwung Fan, Kua Eyre Su, Wen Cheng Chung, Yu Jen Tsai, Hung Yi Chiou, Chin Forng Lin, Chien Tien Su, Ming-Chuan Tsai, Pan Hua Chao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Atayal aborigines, living at an altitude of 1500-1600 m in northeastern Taiwan, still hunt for wild animals with the help of hunting dogs. In this study, the latex agglutination test (LAT) was used to detect sera anti-toxoplasma antibodies in this community as a measure of their exposure to Toxoplasma gondii. The positive rates for sera anti-toxoplasma antibodies were 21.8% and 19.6%, respectively, in 422 Atayal and 51 hunting dogs tested. Neither of the positive rates were found to be significantly different between male (22.1%) and female Atayal (21.4%), or between humans (21.8%) and dogs (19.6%) (P > 0.05) when compared by the Chi-Squared test (χ2-test). A significant difference was observed between the positive rates in adults (28.3%) and children (18.7%) (P <0.05), and the age pattern of prevalence is consistent with an increasing duration of exposure to Toxoplasma gondii with age. The consumption of raw liver of wild animals or insufficiently cooked meat may be the major mode of transmission of toxoplasmosis in Atayal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalJapanese Journal of Medical Science and Biology
Volume51
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Toxoplasma
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Taiwan
Animals
Dogs
Wild Animals
Antibodies
Meats
Latex
Liver
Anti-Idiotypic Antibodies
Latex Fixation Tests
Toxoplasmosis
Serum
Meat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies among Atayal aboriginal people and their hunting dogs in northeastern Taiwan. / Fan, Chia Kwung; Su, Kua Eyre; Chung, Wen Cheng; Tsai, Yu Jen; Chiou, Hung Yi; Lin, Chin Forng; Su, Chien Tien; Tsai, Ming-Chuan; Chao, Pan Hua.

In: Japanese Journal of Medical Science and Biology, Vol. 51, No. 1, 1998, p. 35-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fan, Chia Kwung ; Su, Kua Eyre ; Chung, Wen Cheng ; Tsai, Yu Jen ; Chiou, Hung Yi ; Lin, Chin Forng ; Su, Chien Tien ; Tsai, Ming-Chuan ; Chao, Pan Hua. / Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies among Atayal aboriginal people and their hunting dogs in northeastern Taiwan. In: Japanese Journal of Medical Science and Biology. 1998 ; Vol. 51, No. 1. pp. 35-42.
@article{566b584ba46e45fdbc4c9d483c888e4f,
title = "Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies among Atayal aboriginal people and their hunting dogs in northeastern Taiwan",
abstract = "Atayal aborigines, living at an altitude of 1500-1600 m in northeastern Taiwan, still hunt for wild animals with the help of hunting dogs. In this study, the latex agglutination test (LAT) was used to detect sera anti-toxoplasma antibodies in this community as a measure of their exposure to Toxoplasma gondii. The positive rates for sera anti-toxoplasma antibodies were 21.8{\%} and 19.6{\%}, respectively, in 422 Atayal and 51 hunting dogs tested. Neither of the positive rates were found to be significantly different between male (22.1{\%}) and female Atayal (21.4{\%}), or between humans (21.8{\%}) and dogs (19.6{\%}) (P > 0.05) when compared by the Chi-Squared test (χ2-test). A significant difference was observed between the positive rates in adults (28.3{\%}) and children (18.7{\%}) (P <0.05), and the age pattern of prevalence is consistent with an increasing duration of exposure to Toxoplasma gondii with age. The consumption of raw liver of wild animals or insufficiently cooked meat may be the major mode of transmission of toxoplasmosis in Atayal.",
author = "Fan, {Chia Kwung} and Su, {Kua Eyre} and Chung, {Wen Cheng} and Tsai, {Yu Jen} and Chiou, {Hung Yi} and Lin, {Chin Forng} and Su, {Chien Tien} and Ming-Chuan Tsai and Chao, {Pan Hua}",
year = "1998",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "35--42",
journal = "Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases",
issn = "1344-6304",
publisher = "National Institute of Health",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies among Atayal aboriginal people and their hunting dogs in northeastern Taiwan

AU - Fan, Chia Kwung

AU - Su, Kua Eyre

AU - Chung, Wen Cheng

AU - Tsai, Yu Jen

AU - Chiou, Hung Yi

AU - Lin, Chin Forng

AU - Su, Chien Tien

AU - Tsai, Ming-Chuan

AU - Chao, Pan Hua

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - Atayal aborigines, living at an altitude of 1500-1600 m in northeastern Taiwan, still hunt for wild animals with the help of hunting dogs. In this study, the latex agglutination test (LAT) was used to detect sera anti-toxoplasma antibodies in this community as a measure of their exposure to Toxoplasma gondii. The positive rates for sera anti-toxoplasma antibodies were 21.8% and 19.6%, respectively, in 422 Atayal and 51 hunting dogs tested. Neither of the positive rates were found to be significantly different between male (22.1%) and female Atayal (21.4%), or between humans (21.8%) and dogs (19.6%) (P > 0.05) when compared by the Chi-Squared test (χ2-test). A significant difference was observed between the positive rates in adults (28.3%) and children (18.7%) (P <0.05), and the age pattern of prevalence is consistent with an increasing duration of exposure to Toxoplasma gondii with age. The consumption of raw liver of wild animals or insufficiently cooked meat may be the major mode of transmission of toxoplasmosis in Atayal.

AB - Atayal aborigines, living at an altitude of 1500-1600 m in northeastern Taiwan, still hunt for wild animals with the help of hunting dogs. In this study, the latex agglutination test (LAT) was used to detect sera anti-toxoplasma antibodies in this community as a measure of their exposure to Toxoplasma gondii. The positive rates for sera anti-toxoplasma antibodies were 21.8% and 19.6%, respectively, in 422 Atayal and 51 hunting dogs tested. Neither of the positive rates were found to be significantly different between male (22.1%) and female Atayal (21.4%), or between humans (21.8%) and dogs (19.6%) (P > 0.05) when compared by the Chi-Squared test (χ2-test). A significant difference was observed between the positive rates in adults (28.3%) and children (18.7%) (P <0.05), and the age pattern of prevalence is consistent with an increasing duration of exposure to Toxoplasma gondii with age. The consumption of raw liver of wild animals or insufficiently cooked meat may be the major mode of transmission of toxoplasmosis in Atayal.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032406894&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032406894&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 10211430

AN - SCOPUS:0032406894

VL - 51

SP - 35

EP - 42

JO - Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases

JF - Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases

SN - 1344-6304

IS - 1

ER -