We investigated whether single injection of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6- tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) (20 mg/kg) will alter the expression of pro-apoptotic genes, namely, the c-fos, c-jun, and bax, in the striatum, cortex, and cerebellum of adult male C57BL/6 mice using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay. Injection of MPTP induced a transient decrease in the content of tyrosine hydroxylase estimated by the immunoreactivity in the striatum, which completely recovered 14 day after injection. A rapid but transient up-regulation of c-fos and c-jun genes occurred an hour after MPTP-injection, and a delayed but persistent up-regulation of bax gene expression occurred 3 day after injection. The up-regulation of these genes was present in all the examined brain regions. This result suggests that MPTP, at a low dose causing transient degeneration in the striatum, is capable of triggering two genetic pathways related to the generation of apoptosis in both dopaminergic and non-dopaminergic systems in the mouse brain.
- Mouse brain
- Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction
- Tyrosine hydroxylase
ASJC Scopus subject areas