Selective reduction of post-selection CD8 thymocyte proliferation in IL-15Rα deficient mice

Kai Ping N. Chow, Jian Tai Qiu, Jam Mou Lee, Shuo Lun Hsu, Shan Che Yang, Ning Ning Wu, Wei Huang, Tzong Shoon Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Peripheral CD8 + T cells are defective in both IL-15 and IL-15Rα knock-out (KO) mice; however, whether IL-15/IL-15Rα deficiency has a similar effect on CD8 single-positive (SP) thymocytes remains unclear. In this study, we investigated whether the absence of IL-15 transpresentation in IL-15Rα KO mice results in a defect in thymic CD8 single positive (SP) TCR hi thymocytes. Comparison of CD8SP TCR hi thymocytes from IL-15Rα KO mice with their wild type (WT) counterparts by flow cytometry showed a significant reduction in the percentage of CD69 - CD8SP TCR hi thymocytes, which represent thymic premigrants. In addition, analysis of in vivo 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation demonstrated that premigrant expansion of CD8SP TCR hi thymocytes was reduced in IL-15Rα KO mice. The presence of IL-15 transpresentation-dependent expansion in CD8SP TCR hi thymocytes was assessed by culturing total thymocytes in IL-15Rα-Fc fusion protein-pre-bound plates that were pre-incubated with IL-15 to mimic IL-15 transpresentation in vitro. The results demonstrated that CD8SP thymocytes selectively outgrew other thymic subsets. The contribution of the newly divided CD8SP thymocytes to the peripheral CD8 + T cell pool was examined using double labeling with intrathymically injected FITC and intravenously injected BrdU. A marked decrease in FITC + BrdU + CD8 + T cells was observed in the IL-15Rα KO lymph nodes. Through these experiments, we identified an IL-15 transpresentation-dependent proliferation process selective for the mature CD8SP premigrant subpopulation. Importantly, this process may contribute to the maintenance of the normal peripheral CD8 + T cell pool.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere33152
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 20 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Selective reduction of post-selection CD8 thymocyte proliferation in IL-15Rα deficient mice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Chow, K. P. N., Qiu, J. T., Lee, J. M., Hsu, S. L., Yang, S. C., Wu, N. N., Huang, W., & Wu, T. S. (2012). Selective reduction of post-selection CD8 thymocyte proliferation in IL-15Rα deficient mice. PLoS ONE, 7(3), [e33152]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033152