Abstract

Objective: The aims of this study were to analyze normative data of nerve conduction studies (NCS) by optimal transformations, and compare the utility of electrodiagnostic tests in detecting mild carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Methods: In 131 hands of patients with mild CTS and 136 hands of controls, the segmental study of the median nerve between the digit-palm and palm-wrist segments, and the median-to-ulnar and median-to-radial comparative tests were performed. Normal limits were derived by calculating the mean±2 standard deviations of the optimally transformed data of the controls. The specificity, sensitivity, and misclassification rate were calculated to evaluate the utility of each test. Results: All tests had high specificities, ranging from 98.5 to 100%. The distoproximal latency ratio (DPLR) of the median nerve showed the highest sensitivity and the difference between the median and radial sensory latencies (D1M-D1R) the second highest, but there was no statistical difference between them. The difference between the median and ulnar mixed nerve latencies in the palm-to-wrist segment (PM-PU) showed the lowest sensitivity. Misclassification rates of the DPLR, D1M-D1R, and PM-PU were 6.9, 3.8, and 6.1%, respectively. Conclusions: Optimal transformation of NCS data is mandatory to diminish the effect of skewness and enhance the diagnostic accuracy. As compared to the comparative tests, the segmental study of the median nerve is more easily applied and yields higher sensitivity in detecting mild CTS. Significance: With a high diagnostic yield and easy application, the segmental study of the median nerve may routinely be used to evaluate patients with mild CTS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1249-1255
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume117
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006

Fingerprint

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Median Nerve
Neural Conduction
Wrist
Hand
Ulnar Nerve
Sensitivity and Specificity

Keywords

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Comparative test
  • Electrodiagnosis
  • Median nerve
  • Segmental study
  • Transformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Neurology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

@article{26b68d18c3df4b6dbd3a711d9cd0c7e6,
title = "Segmental study of the median nerve versus comparative tests in the diagnosis of mild carpal tunnel syndrome",
abstract = "Objective: The aims of this study were to analyze normative data of nerve conduction studies (NCS) by optimal transformations, and compare the utility of electrodiagnostic tests in detecting mild carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Methods: In 131 hands of patients with mild CTS and 136 hands of controls, the segmental study of the median nerve between the digit-palm and palm-wrist segments, and the median-to-ulnar and median-to-radial comparative tests were performed. Normal limits were derived by calculating the mean±2 standard deviations of the optimally transformed data of the controls. The specificity, sensitivity, and misclassification rate were calculated to evaluate the utility of each test. Results: All tests had high specificities, ranging from 98.5 to 100{\%}. The distoproximal latency ratio (DPLR) of the median nerve showed the highest sensitivity and the difference between the median and radial sensory latencies (D1M-D1R) the second highest, but there was no statistical difference between them. The difference between the median and ulnar mixed nerve latencies in the palm-to-wrist segment (PM-PU) showed the lowest sensitivity. Misclassification rates of the DPLR, D1M-D1R, and PM-PU were 6.9, 3.8, and 6.1{\%}, respectively. Conclusions: Optimal transformation of NCS data is mandatory to diminish the effect of skewness and enhance the diagnostic accuracy. As compared to the comparative tests, the segmental study of the median nerve is more easily applied and yields higher sensitivity in detecting mild CTS. Significance: With a high diagnostic yield and easy application, the segmental study of the median nerve may routinely be used to evaluate patients with mild CTS.",
keywords = "Carpal tunnel syndrome, Comparative test, Electrodiagnosis, Median nerve, Segmental study, Transformation, Carpal tunnel syndrome, Comparative test, Electrodiagnosis, Median nerve, Segmental study, Transformation",
author = "Jau-Jiuan Sheu and Rey-Yue Yuan and Hung-Yi Chiou and Chaur-Jong Hu and Chen, {Wei Ta}",
year = "2006",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1016/j.clinph.2006.02.004",
language = "English",
volume = "117",
pages = "1249--1255",
journal = "Clinical Neurophysiology",
issn = "1388-2457",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "6",

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T1 - Segmental study of the median nerve versus comparative tests in the diagnosis of mild carpal tunnel syndrome

AU - Sheu, Jau-Jiuan

AU - Yuan, Rey-Yue

AU - Chiou, Hung-Yi

AU - Hu, Chaur-Jong

AU - Chen, Wei Ta

PY - 2006/6

Y1 - 2006/6

N2 - Objective: The aims of this study were to analyze normative data of nerve conduction studies (NCS) by optimal transformations, and compare the utility of electrodiagnostic tests in detecting mild carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Methods: In 131 hands of patients with mild CTS and 136 hands of controls, the segmental study of the median nerve between the digit-palm and palm-wrist segments, and the median-to-ulnar and median-to-radial comparative tests were performed. Normal limits were derived by calculating the mean±2 standard deviations of the optimally transformed data of the controls. The specificity, sensitivity, and misclassification rate were calculated to evaluate the utility of each test. Results: All tests had high specificities, ranging from 98.5 to 100%. The distoproximal latency ratio (DPLR) of the median nerve showed the highest sensitivity and the difference between the median and radial sensory latencies (D1M-D1R) the second highest, but there was no statistical difference between them. The difference between the median and ulnar mixed nerve latencies in the palm-to-wrist segment (PM-PU) showed the lowest sensitivity. Misclassification rates of the DPLR, D1M-D1R, and PM-PU were 6.9, 3.8, and 6.1%, respectively. Conclusions: Optimal transformation of NCS data is mandatory to diminish the effect of skewness and enhance the diagnostic accuracy. As compared to the comparative tests, the segmental study of the median nerve is more easily applied and yields higher sensitivity in detecting mild CTS. Significance: With a high diagnostic yield and easy application, the segmental study of the median nerve may routinely be used to evaluate patients with mild CTS.

AB - Objective: The aims of this study were to analyze normative data of nerve conduction studies (NCS) by optimal transformations, and compare the utility of electrodiagnostic tests in detecting mild carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Methods: In 131 hands of patients with mild CTS and 136 hands of controls, the segmental study of the median nerve between the digit-palm and palm-wrist segments, and the median-to-ulnar and median-to-radial comparative tests were performed. Normal limits were derived by calculating the mean±2 standard deviations of the optimally transformed data of the controls. The specificity, sensitivity, and misclassification rate were calculated to evaluate the utility of each test. Results: All tests had high specificities, ranging from 98.5 to 100%. The distoproximal latency ratio (DPLR) of the median nerve showed the highest sensitivity and the difference between the median and radial sensory latencies (D1M-D1R) the second highest, but there was no statistical difference between them. The difference between the median and ulnar mixed nerve latencies in the palm-to-wrist segment (PM-PU) showed the lowest sensitivity. Misclassification rates of the DPLR, D1M-D1R, and PM-PU were 6.9, 3.8, and 6.1%, respectively. Conclusions: Optimal transformation of NCS data is mandatory to diminish the effect of skewness and enhance the diagnostic accuracy. As compared to the comparative tests, the segmental study of the median nerve is more easily applied and yields higher sensitivity in detecting mild CTS. Significance: With a high diagnostic yield and easy application, the segmental study of the median nerve may routinely be used to evaluate patients with mild CTS.

KW - Carpal tunnel syndrome

KW - Comparative test

KW - Electrodiagnosis

KW - Median nerve

KW - Segmental study

KW - Transformation

KW - Carpal tunnel syndrome

KW - Comparative test

KW - Electrodiagnosis

KW - Median nerve

KW - Segmental study

KW - Transformation

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