Drugs that target DNA topoisomerase II (Top2), including etoposide (VP-16), doxorubicin, and mitoxantrone, are among the most effective anticancer drugs in clinical use. However, Top2-based chemotherapy has been associated with higher incidences of secondary malignancies, notably the development of acute myeloid leukemia in VP-16-treated patients. This association is suggestive of a link between carcinogenesis and Top2-mediated DNA damage. We show here that VP-16-induced carcinogenesis involves mainly the β rather than the α isozyme of Top2. In a mouse skin carcinogenesis model, the incidence of VP-16-induced melanomas in the skin of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-treated mice is found to be significantly higher in TOP2β+ than in skin-specific top2β-knockout mice. Furthermore, VP-16-induced DNA sequence rearrangements and double-strand breaks (DSBs) are found to be Top2β-dependent and preventable by cotreatment with a proteasome inhibitor, suggesting the importance of proteasomal degradation of the Top2β-DNA cleavage complexes in VP-16-induced DNA sequence rearrangements. VP-16 cytotoxicity in transformed cells expressing both Top2 isozymes is, however, found to be primarily Top2α-dependent. These results point to the importance of developing Top2α-specific anticancer drugs for effective chemotherapy without the development of treatment-related secondary malignancies.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 26 2007|
- DNA rearrangements
- Skin-specific topoisomerase IIβ-knockout
- Tumor cell killing
ASJC Scopus subject areas