Role of TRPV1 and P2X receptors in the activation of lung vagal C-fiber afferents by inhaled cigarette smoke in rats

Wen-Hui Weng, Chun-Chun Hsu, Ling-Ling Chiang, Yi-Jiun Peter Lin, You-Shuei Lin, Chien-Ling Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inhaled cigarette smoke (CS) triggers airway reflexes that are thought to result from the activation of lung vagal C-fiber afferents (LVCAs) via the action of reactive oxygen species in rats. We investigated the role of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and P2X receptors in LVCA activation. Activities of LVCAs were recorded in anesthetized and artificially ventilated rats. Airway challenge of CS produced a concentration-dependent fiber stimulation. Pretreatment with dimethylthiourea [DMTU; a scavenger of hydroxyl radical (oOH)], capsazepine (CPZ; a TRPV1 receptor antagonist) and iso-pyridoxalphosphate-6-azophenyl-2',5'-disulphonate (iso-PPADS; a P2X receptor antagonist) separately reduced the fiber responses by 64, 40 and 44%, respectively, whereas pretreatment with hexamethonium (a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist) failed to alter the response. A combination of CPZ and iso-PPADS exerted a greater inhibitory effect compared with the effect of either single pretreatment. However, a combination of DMTU, CPZ and iso-PPADS did not further reduce the fiber response compared with the combined effect of CPZ and iso-PPADS. It was concluded that both TRPV1 and P2X receptors, but not nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, participate in the stimulation of LVCAs by inhaled CS, possibly through the action of OH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1300-1304
Number of pages5
JournalMolecular Medicine Reports
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Nicotine
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Tobacco smoke
  • Vagal afferent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology

Cite this