Robotic surgery in complicated gynecologic diseases: Experience of Tri-Service General Hospital in Taiwan

Shun Jen Tan, Chi Kung Lin, Pei Te Fu, Yung Liang Liu, Cheng Chian Sun, Cheng Chang Chang, Mu Hsien Yu, Hung Cheng Lai

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Minimally invasive surgery has been the trend in various specialties and continues to evolve as new technology develops. The development of robotic surgery in gynecology remains in its infancy. The present study reports the first descriptive series of robotic surgery in complicated gynecologic diseases in Taiwan. Materials and Methods: From March 2009 to February 2011, the records of patients undergoing robotic surgery using the da Vinci Surgical System were reviewed for patient demographics, indications, operative time, hospital stay, conversion to laparotomy, and complications. Results: Sixty cases were reviewed in the present study. Forty-nine patients had benign gynecologic diseases, and 11 patients had malignancies. These robot-assisted laparoscopic procedures include nine hysterectomy, 15 subtotal hysterectomy, 13 myomectomy, eight staging operation, two radical hysterectomy, five ovarian cystectomy, one bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and myomectomy, two resections of deep pelvic endometriosis, one pelvic adhesiolysis, three sacrocolpopexy and one tuboplasty. Thirty-three patients had prior pelvic surgery, and one had a history of pelvic radiotherapy. Adhesiolysis was necessary in 38 patients to complete the whole operation. Robotic myomectomy was easily accomplished in patients with huge uterus or multiple myomas. The suturing of myometrium or cervical stump after ligation of the uterine arteries minimized the blood loss. In addition, it was much easier to dissect severe pelvic adhesions. The dissection of para-aortic lymph nodes can be easily accomplished. All these surgeries were performed smoothly without ureteral, bladder or bowel injury. Conclusion: The present analyses include various complicated gynecologic conditions, which make the estimation of the effectiveness of robotic surgery in each situation individually not appropriate. However, our experiences do show that robotic surgery is feasible and safe for patients with complicated gynecologic diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-25
Number of pages8
JournalTaiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Adhesions
  • Hysterectomy
  • Myomectomy
  • Robotic staging
  • Subtotal hysterectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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