Road traffic noise, air pollutants, and the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in Taichung, Taiwan

Wei Ting Yang, Ven Shing Wang, Li Te Chang, Kai Jen Chuang, Hsiao Chi Chuang, Chiu Shong Liu, Bo Ying Bao, Ta Yuan Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: A few studies have investigated the interaction between exposure to road traffic noise, air pollutants, and cardiovascular disease (CVD), but their results were inconsistent. This cross-sectional study investigated whether road traffic noise, particulate matter with dynamic diameter less than 10 µm (PM10) and nitrogen dioxides (NO2) exposure were independently associated with the risk of CVD. Methods: We recruited 663 volunteers who had been living near main roads for more than three years in 2008. Information concerning the subjects’ home addresses was combined with noise measurements at 42 locations and annual average of air pollutants from 2 monitoring stations to estimate individual exposure. Multivariate logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratio (OR) for diagnosed CVD, adjusting for potential confounders and co-exposure. Results: Only per 5-dBA increase in road traffic noise was significantly associated with elevated risk of CVD (adjusted OR = 2.23, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.26–3.93) in the single-exposure models. Such association was aggravated (adjusted OR = 2.96, 95% CI = 1.41–6.23) after adjustment for total traffic and PM10 or NO2 in the two-exposure models. Conclusions: Road traffic noise exposure may be associated with the increasing prevalence of CVD. No synergistic association was observed between co-exposure to noise and air pollutants and the risk of CVD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1707
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume15
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 9 2018

Keywords

  • Air pollutants
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Prevalence
  • Road traffic noise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Road traffic noise, air pollutants, and the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in Taichung, Taiwan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this