Risk Prediction Models for Patients with Head and Neck Cancer among the Taiwanese Population

Ming Zhen Yu, Meei Maan Wu, Huei Tzu Chien, Chun Ta Liao, Ming Jang Su, Shiang Fu Huang, Chih Ching Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Epidemiological evidence has suggested that modifiable lifestyle factors play a significant role in the risk of head and neck cancer (HNC). However, few studies have established risk prediction models of HNC based on sex and tumor subsites. Therefore, we predicted HNC risk by creating a risk prediction model based on sex- and tumor subsites for the general Taiwanese population. This study adopted a case-control study design, including 2961 patients with HNC and 11,462 healthy controls. Multivariate logistic regression and nomograms were used to establish HNC risk prediction models, which were internally validated using bootstrap sampling. The multivariate logistic regression model indicated that age, education level, alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, passive smoking, coffee consumption, and body mass index are common HNC predictors in both sexes, while the father’s ethnicity, betel-nut-chewing habits, and tea consumption were male-specific HNC predictors. The risk factors of the prediction model for the HNC tumor subsite among men were the same as those for all patients with HNC. Additionally, the risks of alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, and betel nut chewing varied, based on the tumor subsite. A c-index ranging from 0.93 to 0.98 indicated that all prediction models had excellent predictive ability. We developed several HNC risk prediction models that may be useful in health promotion programs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5338
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • head and neck cancer
  • nomogram
  • risk prediction models
  • sex difference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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