In thalassemia major or transfusion-dependent thalassemia patients, osteoporosis-related bone complications such as fracture events are common. However, no studies have investigated the risk of fracture in transfusion-naïve thalassemia population. Therefore, we conducted a longitudinal nationwide cohort study to determine whether this population has an increased risk of fracture. This nationwide, population-based cohort study analyzed data from 1998 to 2010 obtained from the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database, with a follow-up period extending until the end of 2011. We identified cases with transfusion-naïve thalassemia and selected a comparison cohort that was frequency-matched according to age and year of diagnosis of thalassemia at a ratio of one subject with thalassemia to four subjects in the control group. We analyzed the risk of fracture events to occur in transfusion-naïve thalassemia cases by using Cox proportional hazards regression models. Totally, the study recruited 1369 transfusion-naïve thalassemia subjects and 5416 controls. We identified a total of 71 cases with fracture events within the thalassemia group and 204 within the control group. The overall risks for developing fracture events were 1.35-fold higher in transfusion-naïve thalassemia individuals than the comparison cohort after adjusting for age, sex and comorbidities. Most fracture events were observed in male transfusion-naïve thalassemia individuals rather than the normal population. In subgroup analysis, there was a 1.46-fold higher risk to develop upper-limb fracture in the thalassemia group than in the control groups. In conclusion, our long-term, cohort study results showed that there was a higher risk for the development of fractures in transfusion-naïve thalassemia individuals, particularly in male cases.
- Population-based study
- Transfusion-naïve thalassemia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism