Risk of cerebrovascular diseases after uvulopalatopharyngoplasty in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: A nationwide cohort study

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Abstract

Little was known about the beneficial effects of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) on the outcomes after obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of UPPP on reducing risk of cerebrovascular diseases in patients with OSA. Using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of 10,339 patients with new OSA between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2009. The incident cerebrovascular disease was identified during the 1-year follow-up period in patients with and without receiving UPPP. The rate ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of cerebrovascular disease associated with receiving UPPP in patients with OSA were calculated in multivariate Poisson regression. The 1-year incidences of cerebrovascular disease for OSA patients with and without UPPP were 1.06% and 5.14%, respectively. Patients with OSA receiving UPPP had lower risk of cerebrovascular disease compared with those without UPPP (RR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.33-0.61). The decreased risk of cerebrovascular disease following UPPP was observed in both sexes and all age groups. In the stratified analysis of medical conditions, the RR of cerebrovascular disease associated with UPPP for patients with 0, 1, ≥2 medical conditions were 0.28 (95% CI 0.12-0.68), 0.39 (95% CI 0.21-0.73), and 0.63 (95% CI 0.43-0.93), respectively. Patients with OSA who received UPPP had lower risk of cerebrovascular disease within 1 year after surgery compared with patients not receiving UPPP. Clinical physicians could have more evidence to persuade patients to receive surgical intervention, especially those who have severe OSA symptoms or do not acquire adequate symptom relief under conservative treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1791
JournalMedicine (United States)
Volume94
Issue number41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015

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Cerebrovascular Disorders
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Cohort Studies
Confidence Intervals
National Health Programs
Taiwan
Retrospective Studies
Age Groups
Databases
Physicians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Risk of cerebrovascular diseases after uvulopalatopharyngoplasty in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: A nationwide cohort study",
abstract = "Little was known about the beneficial effects of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) on the outcomes after obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of UPPP on reducing risk of cerebrovascular diseases in patients with OSA. Using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of 10,339 patients with new OSA between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2009. The incident cerebrovascular disease was identified during the 1-year follow-up period in patients with and without receiving UPPP. The rate ratios (RRs) and 95{\%} confidence intervals (CIs) of cerebrovascular disease associated with receiving UPPP in patients with OSA were calculated in multivariate Poisson regression. The 1-year incidences of cerebrovascular disease for OSA patients with and without UPPP were 1.06{\%} and 5.14{\%}, respectively. Patients with OSA receiving UPPP had lower risk of cerebrovascular disease compared with those without UPPP (RR, 0.45; 95{\%} CI, 0.33-0.61). The decreased risk of cerebrovascular disease following UPPP was observed in both sexes and all age groups. In the stratified analysis of medical conditions, the RR of cerebrovascular disease associated with UPPP for patients with 0, 1, ≥2 medical conditions were 0.28 (95{\%} CI 0.12-0.68), 0.39 (95{\%} CI 0.21-0.73), and 0.63 (95{\%} CI 0.43-0.93), respectively. Patients with OSA who received UPPP had lower risk of cerebrovascular disease within 1 year after surgery compared with patients not receiving UPPP. Clinical physicians could have more evidence to persuade patients to receive surgical intervention, especially those who have severe OSA symptoms or do not acquire adequate symptom relief under conservative treatments.",
author = "Chen, {Shin Yan} and Yih-Giun Cherng and Fei-Peng Lee and Yeh, {Chun Chieh} and Huang, {Shih Yu} and Chaur-Jong Hu and Chien-Chang Liao and Ta-Liang Chen",
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T1 - Risk of cerebrovascular diseases after uvulopalatopharyngoplasty in patients with obstructive sleep apnea

T2 - A nationwide cohort study

AU - Chen, Shin Yan

AU - Cherng, Yih-Giun

AU - Lee, Fei-Peng

AU - Yeh, Chun Chieh

AU - Huang, Shih Yu

AU - Hu, Chaur-Jong

AU - Liao, Chien-Chang

AU - Chen, Ta-Liang

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N2 - Little was known about the beneficial effects of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) on the outcomes after obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of UPPP on reducing risk of cerebrovascular diseases in patients with OSA. Using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of 10,339 patients with new OSA between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2009. The incident cerebrovascular disease was identified during the 1-year follow-up period in patients with and without receiving UPPP. The rate ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of cerebrovascular disease associated with receiving UPPP in patients with OSA were calculated in multivariate Poisson regression. The 1-year incidences of cerebrovascular disease for OSA patients with and without UPPP were 1.06% and 5.14%, respectively. Patients with OSA receiving UPPP had lower risk of cerebrovascular disease compared with those without UPPP (RR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.33-0.61). The decreased risk of cerebrovascular disease following UPPP was observed in both sexes and all age groups. In the stratified analysis of medical conditions, the RR of cerebrovascular disease associated with UPPP for patients with 0, 1, ≥2 medical conditions were 0.28 (95% CI 0.12-0.68), 0.39 (95% CI 0.21-0.73), and 0.63 (95% CI 0.43-0.93), respectively. Patients with OSA who received UPPP had lower risk of cerebrovascular disease within 1 year after surgery compared with patients not receiving UPPP. Clinical physicians could have more evidence to persuade patients to receive surgical intervention, especially those who have severe OSA symptoms or do not acquire adequate symptom relief under conservative treatments.

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