Risk factors for primary bacteremia and endovascular infection in patients without acquired immunodeficiency syndrome who have nontyphoid salmonellosis

Ron Bin Hsu, Yeou Guang Tsay, Robert J. Chen, Shu Hsun Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study sought to find the risk factors for primary bacteremia, endovascular infection, and in-hospital death for patients without acquired immunodeficiency syndrome who have nontyphoid salmonellosis. From September 1995 through September 2001, 301 patients with nontyphoid salmonellosis were admitted to our hospital; of these patients, 121 had primary bacteremia, and 28 had endovascular infection. Of the 121 patients with primary bacteremia, 64 were aged >50 years, and 26 had endovascular infection. Overall, 90 patients (29.9%) had immunodeficiency. Predictors of primary bacteremia were age; presence of systemic lupus erythematosus; group B, group C, or group D Salmonella infection; and immunodeficiency. The positive predictor of endovascular infection in adult patients with primary bacteremia was group C Salmonella infection, and negative predictors were immunodeficiency and solid-organ cancer. The overall in-hospital mortality rate was 12%; for primary bacteremia, it was 24.8%; for endovascular infection, it was 14.3%. Predictors of in-hospital death were age, extraintestinal infection, and solid-organ malignancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-834
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume36
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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