30 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To investigate the risk of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-injury mortality in patients with mental disorders. Background: Patients with mental disorders are at higher risk of injuries. However, the association between mental disorders and TBI is still not understood. We conducted case-control studies to investigate whether people with pre-existing mental disorders are at higher risk of TBI and post-injury mortality. Methods: Using reimbursement claims, we analysed 16 635 patients with TBI and 66 540 controls with adjustment of covariates to study the association of mental disorders and TBI. A nested case-control study was also conducted to analyse contributory factors for post-injury mortality. Results: People with mental disorders were at increased risk of TBI (odds ratio (OR) 1.94, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.86 to 2.02). Men, older age, living in highly urbanised areas and patients on low income had a higher risk of TBI and post-injury mortality. Psychiatric medication intensity and frequency of psychiatric visits was significantly correlated with TBI in a severity dependent relationship (p for trend

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1186-1192
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Surgery
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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