Abstract

Objectives: Radiofrequency has been used to suppress spasticity affecting motion in patients with cerebral palsy and spinal cord injury. This study tested spasticity suppression and locomotion change after pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) at the dorsal root ganglion of rats with spasticity. Materials and Methods: Twenty-four rats that survived for 28 days after thoracic spinal cord injury and showed spasticity in the right hind limb were separated randomly to a PRF group or Sham operation group. PRF consisted of 2 Hz biphasic 25 msec trains of PRF (500 kHz, 5 V intensity) applied on the right L5 dorsal root ganglion for 300 sec. Muscle tension of the right triceps surae was measured at 450 deg/sec of passive ankle dorsiflexion on the day before and 3, 7, and 14 days after PRF or sham operation. Locomotive function was evaluated by obtaining Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan (BBB) scores. Results: Muscle tension of the triceps surae decreased significantly three days after PRF, and gradually returned to baseline 14 days later. In the sham operation group, muscle tension increased significantly more than 14 days. The BBB scores declined from 10 to 8 after PRF and returned to pre-PRF levels 14 days later, while scores remained constant after sham operation. Conclusions: PRF produced significant and reversible suppression in spasticity, but this was accompanied by deterioration in locomotive function. Thus, caution should be exercised in considering the benefits and costs in suppressing spasticity in ambulatory patients, and implanted devices that apply titratable doses of PRF may be best to optimize patients' needs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeuromodulation
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Muscle Tonus
Spinal Ganglia
Locomotion
Spinal Cord Injuries
Thoracic Injuries
Cerebral Palsy
Ankle
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Extremities
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • Dorsal root ganglion
  • locomotive function
  • muscle tension
  • pulsed radiofrequency
  • rats
  • spasticity
  • spinal cord injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Reversible Spasticity Suppression and Locomotion Change After Pulsed Radiofrequency on the Dorsal Root Ganglia of Rats With Spinal Cord Injury. / Chang, Chia Hsieh; Lu, Kuo Hsiang; Lin, Wei Tso; Chen, Shih Ching; Shih, Wen Pin; Lin, Chii Wann.

In: Neuromodulation, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objectives: Radiofrequency has been used to suppress spasticity affecting motion in patients with cerebral palsy and spinal cord injury. This study tested spasticity suppression and locomotion change after pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) at the dorsal root ganglion of rats with spasticity. Materials and Methods: Twenty-four rats that survived for 28 days after thoracic spinal cord injury and showed spasticity in the right hind limb were separated randomly to a PRF group or Sham operation group. PRF consisted of 2 Hz biphasic 25 msec trains of PRF (500 kHz, 5 V intensity) applied on the right L5 dorsal root ganglion for 300 sec. Muscle tension of the right triceps surae was measured at 450 deg/sec of passive ankle dorsiflexion on the day before and 3, 7, and 14 days after PRF or sham operation. Locomotive function was evaluated by obtaining Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan (BBB) scores. Results: Muscle tension of the triceps surae decreased significantly three days after PRF, and gradually returned to baseline 14 days later. In the sham operation group, muscle tension increased significantly more than 14 days. The BBB scores declined from 10 to 8 after PRF and returned to pre-PRF levels 14 days later, while scores remained constant after sham operation. Conclusions: PRF produced significant and reversible suppression in spasticity, but this was accompanied by deterioration in locomotive function. Thus, caution should be exercised in considering the benefits and costs in suppressing spasticity in ambulatory patients, and implanted devices that apply titratable doses of PRF may be best to optimize patients' needs.",
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author = "Chang, {Chia Hsieh} and Lu, {Kuo Hsiang} and Lin, {Wei Tso} and Chen, {Shih Ching} and Shih, {Wen Pin} and Lin, {Chii Wann}",
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AU - Chang, Chia Hsieh

AU - Lu, Kuo Hsiang

AU - Lin, Wei Tso

AU - Chen, Shih Ching

AU - Shih, Wen Pin

AU - Lin, Chii Wann

PY - 2018/1/1

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N2 - Objectives: Radiofrequency has been used to suppress spasticity affecting motion in patients with cerebral palsy and spinal cord injury. This study tested spasticity suppression and locomotion change after pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) at the dorsal root ganglion of rats with spasticity. Materials and Methods: Twenty-four rats that survived for 28 days after thoracic spinal cord injury and showed spasticity in the right hind limb were separated randomly to a PRF group or Sham operation group. PRF consisted of 2 Hz biphasic 25 msec trains of PRF (500 kHz, 5 V intensity) applied on the right L5 dorsal root ganglion for 300 sec. Muscle tension of the right triceps surae was measured at 450 deg/sec of passive ankle dorsiflexion on the day before and 3, 7, and 14 days after PRF or sham operation. Locomotive function was evaluated by obtaining Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan (BBB) scores. Results: Muscle tension of the triceps surae decreased significantly three days after PRF, and gradually returned to baseline 14 days later. In the sham operation group, muscle tension increased significantly more than 14 days. The BBB scores declined from 10 to 8 after PRF and returned to pre-PRF levels 14 days later, while scores remained constant after sham operation. Conclusions: PRF produced significant and reversible suppression in spasticity, but this was accompanied by deterioration in locomotive function. Thus, caution should be exercised in considering the benefits and costs in suppressing spasticity in ambulatory patients, and implanted devices that apply titratable doses of PRF may be best to optimize patients' needs.

AB - Objectives: Radiofrequency has been used to suppress spasticity affecting motion in patients with cerebral palsy and spinal cord injury. This study tested spasticity suppression and locomotion change after pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) at the dorsal root ganglion of rats with spasticity. Materials and Methods: Twenty-four rats that survived for 28 days after thoracic spinal cord injury and showed spasticity in the right hind limb were separated randomly to a PRF group or Sham operation group. PRF consisted of 2 Hz biphasic 25 msec trains of PRF (500 kHz, 5 V intensity) applied on the right L5 dorsal root ganglion for 300 sec. Muscle tension of the right triceps surae was measured at 450 deg/sec of passive ankle dorsiflexion on the day before and 3, 7, and 14 days after PRF or sham operation. Locomotive function was evaluated by obtaining Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan (BBB) scores. Results: Muscle tension of the triceps surae decreased significantly three days after PRF, and gradually returned to baseline 14 days later. In the sham operation group, muscle tension increased significantly more than 14 days. The BBB scores declined from 10 to 8 after PRF and returned to pre-PRF levels 14 days later, while scores remained constant after sham operation. Conclusions: PRF produced significant and reversible suppression in spasticity, but this was accompanied by deterioration in locomotive function. Thus, caution should be exercised in considering the benefits and costs in suppressing spasticity in ambulatory patients, and implanted devices that apply titratable doses of PRF may be best to optimize patients' needs.

KW - Dorsal root ganglion

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KW - pulsed radiofrequency

KW - rats

KW - spasticity

KW - spinal cord injury

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