Reversal of deteriorated fractal behavior of heart rate variability by beta-blocker therapy in patients with advanced congestive heart failure

Lian Yu Lin, Jiunn Lee Lin, Chao Cheng Du, Ling Ping Lai, Yung Zu Tseng, Shoei K.Stephen Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: The slope of the power spectrum in heart rate variability (HRV) reflects the fractal or scaling behavior in HR dynamics and recently was confirmed as an independent predictor of postmyocardial infarction survival. Whether or not the new measurement in HRV foresees the functional evolution in patients with advanced congestive heart failure treated by β blockers is unclear. Methods and Results: Sequential 24-hour Holter ECG recordings were obtained at baseline, and 1 and 3 months after addition of atenolol therapy for advanced congestive heart failure in 10 patients. The slope and intercept of the regression line of power-law behavior, the short- and intermediate-term of detrended fluctuated analysis (DFA), the approximate entropy (ApEn), and the standard frequency spectra of the 24-hour HRV were compared sequentially as well as with those in 12 age-matched normal controls. The results showed that the slope (-1.70 ± 0.45 vs -1.22 ± 0.21; P < 0.05) and the intercept (5.11 ± 0.46 vs 5.62 ± 0.24; P < 0.05) of the regression line of power-law behavior and the short-term DFA (for 4 to 11 beats) (0.78 ± 0.18 vs 1.13 ± 0.21; P < 0.05) increased after 3 months of atenolol treatment. However, the change in intermediate-term DFA (>11 beats) and ApEn was not apparent (1.24 ± 0.21 vs 1.22 ± 0.15 and 1.34 ± 0.14 vs 1.36 ± 0.11; both P > 0.05). The evolution of the slope or intercept of the regression line of the HRV power spectrum did not correlate with the echocardiographic or clinical cardiac function, or with the frequency spectral components of the HRV (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Additional beta-blocker therapy upregulated the fractal behavior control of the HRV in patients with advanced congestive heart failure. The improvement was independent of subjective and objective global cardiac performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-32
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2001
Externally publishedYes



  • Beta blocker
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Fractal behavior
  • Heart rate variability
  • Nonlinear analysis
  • Power-law behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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