BACKGROUND: To compare the effects of contemporary stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), modern fractionated radiotherapy (FRT), and transsphenoidal surgery on nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenoma.
METHODS: We enrolled patients with nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenoma. To compare treatment outcomes, the patients were categorized into three groups according to the treatment modality: group 1, patients receiving modern FRT; group 2, patients receiving contemporary SRS; and group 3, patients receiving transsphenoidal surgery.
RESULTS: In total, 548 patients with nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenoma were selected for our study. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis results indicated that the treatment modalities were significant independent prognostic factors. In multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression analysis, the adjusted hazard ratios (aHR; 95% confidence interval (CI)) of local recurrence were 0.27 (0.10-0.91) and 1.95 (1.25-2.37) for the SRS and transsphenoidal surgery cohorts, respectively, in comparison with the FRT cohort. The aHR (95% CI) of all-cause mortality was 1.03 (0.68-1.56) for the transsphenoidal surgery cohort in comparison with the FRT cohort, without statistical significance. However, the aHR (95% CI) of all-cause mortality was 0.36 (0.15-0.85) for the SRS cohort in comparison with the FRT cohort.
CONCLUSION: Contemporary SRS has optimal effects on local recurrence and survival compared with modern FRT and transsphenoidal surgery. Modern FRT is associated with more favorable local control and equal survival compared with transsphenoidal surgery.