Responses of blood pressure and lactate levels to various aquatic exercise movements in postmenopausal women

K. Y. Chien, W. C. Chen, N. W. Kan, M. C. Hsu, S. L. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


Aim. Middle-aged and elderly women represent the main attending group in head-out aquatic exercise (HOAE). Blood pressure (BP) signiicantly increases both during water immersion and aquatic walking. Based on risk concerns, it is important to evaluate BP responses in postmenopausal women doing HOAE. The aim of this study was to determine BP, lactate levels, and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) changes associated with performing 3 different movements at 3 levels of exercise intensity in water. Methods. Twelve postmenopausal women (59.9±0.6 years old) participated in 3 aquatic trials involving running (RU), rocking (RO), and scissor kicks (SK) on separate days. Systolic BP, mean arterial pressure (MAP), lactate levels, RPE, and motion cadence were measured at rest; upon reaching 50%, 65%, and 80% of heart rate reserve for 6 minutes; and 10 and 30 minutes after exercise. Results. Under similar RPE responses at 3 levels of intensity, SK resulted in higher systolic BP, MAP, and lactate levels than RO at 10 minutes after exercise (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1423-1430
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2015



  • Arterial pressure
  • Exercise, physical
  • Lactates
  • Physical exertion
  • Postmenopause
  • Swimming pools

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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