Renal transcription of high-affinity type-2 cationic amino acid transporter is up-regulated in LPS-stimulated rodents

S. Yang, Chun Jen Huang, Pei-Shan Tsai, C. R. Cheng, B. R. Stevens, J. W. Skimming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Sepsis stimulates renal nitric oxide (NO) biosynthesis through up-regulation of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) expression. Type-2 cationic amino acid transporter (CAT-2) mediation of trans-membrane L-arginine (L-Arg) transportation has been identified as one of the crucial regulatory mechanisms involved in the formation of NO by iNOS. We had previously shown that CAT-2B, a high-affinity alternative-spliced transcript of the CAT-2, is involved in induced NO biosynthesis by iNOS (Nitric Oxide, 2002). In this present study, we sought to assess the effects of sepsis on the expression of CAT-2B in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated rat kidney. Methods: Forty rats were randomized to either a normal saline (N/S)-treated group or a LPS-treated group. Renal NO production was determined using chemiluminescence. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR was used to determine the mRNA concentrations of iNOS and L-Arg transporters (CAT-1, CAT-2 and CAT-2B) in kidney. Results: Lipopolysaccharide-coinduced iNOS, CAT-2 and CAT-2B mRNA expression in kidney and caused renal NO overproduction. A significant linear regression relationship was defined between renal NO concentrations and iNOS, CAT-2 and CAT-2B, respectively. On the contrary, CAT-1 expression was not affected by LPS-stimulation. Conclusions: We provide the first evidence to illustrate that sepsis/septic shock induces the transcription of high-affinity CAT-2B in renal tissues. Transcription of iNOS, CAT-2 and CAT-2B correlates well with renal NO biosynthesis. Regulation of L-Arg uptake by modulating the expression regulation of induced CAT-2 and CAT-2B might be a potential target for therapies against renal pathologic conditions related to NO overproduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-316
Number of pages9
JournalActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004

Fingerprint

Cationic Amino Acid Transporter 2
Lipopolysaccharides
Rodentia
Kidney
Nitric Oxide
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Sepsis
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
Cationic Amino Acid Transporter 1
Messenger RNA
Septic Shock
Luminescence

Keywords

  • Endotoxemia
  • High-affinity CAT-2
  • INOS
  • Kidney
  • Nitric oxide
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Renal transcription of high-affinity type-2 cationic amino acid transporter is up-regulated in LPS-stimulated rodents. / Yang, S.; Huang, Chun Jen; Tsai, Pei-Shan; Cheng, C. R.; Stevens, B. R.; Skimming, J. W.

In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, Vol. 48, No. 3, 03.2004, p. 308-316.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yang, S. ; Huang, Chun Jen ; Tsai, Pei-Shan ; Cheng, C. R. ; Stevens, B. R. ; Skimming, J. W. / Renal transcription of high-affinity type-2 cationic amino acid transporter is up-regulated in LPS-stimulated rodents. In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. 2004 ; Vol. 48, No. 3. pp. 308-316.
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abstract = "Objective: Sepsis stimulates renal nitric oxide (NO) biosynthesis through up-regulation of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) expression. Type-2 cationic amino acid transporter (CAT-2) mediation of trans-membrane L-arginine (L-Arg) transportation has been identified as one of the crucial regulatory mechanisms involved in the formation of NO by iNOS. We had previously shown that CAT-2B, a high-affinity alternative-spliced transcript of the CAT-2, is involved in induced NO biosynthesis by iNOS (Nitric Oxide, 2002). In this present study, we sought to assess the effects of sepsis on the expression of CAT-2B in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated rat kidney. Methods: Forty rats were randomized to either a normal saline (N/S)-treated group or a LPS-treated group. Renal NO production was determined using chemiluminescence. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR was used to determine the mRNA concentrations of iNOS and L-Arg transporters (CAT-1, CAT-2 and CAT-2B) in kidney. Results: Lipopolysaccharide-coinduced iNOS, CAT-2 and CAT-2B mRNA expression in kidney and caused renal NO overproduction. A significant linear regression relationship was defined between renal NO concentrations and iNOS, CAT-2 and CAT-2B, respectively. On the contrary, CAT-1 expression was not affected by LPS-stimulation. Conclusions: We provide the first evidence to illustrate that sepsis/septic shock induces the transcription of high-affinity CAT-2B in renal tissues. Transcription of iNOS, CAT-2 and CAT-2B correlates well with renal NO biosynthesis. Regulation of L-Arg uptake by modulating the expression regulation of induced CAT-2 and CAT-2B might be a potential target for therapies against renal pathologic conditions related to NO overproduction.",
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T1 - Renal transcription of high-affinity type-2 cationic amino acid transporter is up-regulated in LPS-stimulated rodents

AU - Yang, S.

AU - Huang, Chun Jen

AU - Tsai, Pei-Shan

AU - Cheng, C. R.

AU - Stevens, B. R.

AU - Skimming, J. W.

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N2 - Objective: Sepsis stimulates renal nitric oxide (NO) biosynthesis through up-regulation of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) expression. Type-2 cationic amino acid transporter (CAT-2) mediation of trans-membrane L-arginine (L-Arg) transportation has been identified as one of the crucial regulatory mechanisms involved in the formation of NO by iNOS. We had previously shown that CAT-2B, a high-affinity alternative-spliced transcript of the CAT-2, is involved in induced NO biosynthesis by iNOS (Nitric Oxide, 2002). In this present study, we sought to assess the effects of sepsis on the expression of CAT-2B in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated rat kidney. Methods: Forty rats were randomized to either a normal saline (N/S)-treated group or a LPS-treated group. Renal NO production was determined using chemiluminescence. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR was used to determine the mRNA concentrations of iNOS and L-Arg transporters (CAT-1, CAT-2 and CAT-2B) in kidney. Results: Lipopolysaccharide-coinduced iNOS, CAT-2 and CAT-2B mRNA expression in kidney and caused renal NO overproduction. A significant linear regression relationship was defined between renal NO concentrations and iNOS, CAT-2 and CAT-2B, respectively. On the contrary, CAT-1 expression was not affected by LPS-stimulation. Conclusions: We provide the first evidence to illustrate that sepsis/septic shock induces the transcription of high-affinity CAT-2B in renal tissues. Transcription of iNOS, CAT-2 and CAT-2B correlates well with renal NO biosynthesis. Regulation of L-Arg uptake by modulating the expression regulation of induced CAT-2 and CAT-2B might be a potential target for therapies against renal pathologic conditions related to NO overproduction.

AB - Objective: Sepsis stimulates renal nitric oxide (NO) biosynthesis through up-regulation of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) expression. Type-2 cationic amino acid transporter (CAT-2) mediation of trans-membrane L-arginine (L-Arg) transportation has been identified as one of the crucial regulatory mechanisms involved in the formation of NO by iNOS. We had previously shown that CAT-2B, a high-affinity alternative-spliced transcript of the CAT-2, is involved in induced NO biosynthesis by iNOS (Nitric Oxide, 2002). In this present study, we sought to assess the effects of sepsis on the expression of CAT-2B in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated rat kidney. Methods: Forty rats were randomized to either a normal saline (N/S)-treated group or a LPS-treated group. Renal NO production was determined using chemiluminescence. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR was used to determine the mRNA concentrations of iNOS and L-Arg transporters (CAT-1, CAT-2 and CAT-2B) in kidney. Results: Lipopolysaccharide-coinduced iNOS, CAT-2 and CAT-2B mRNA expression in kidney and caused renal NO overproduction. A significant linear regression relationship was defined between renal NO concentrations and iNOS, CAT-2 and CAT-2B, respectively. On the contrary, CAT-1 expression was not affected by LPS-stimulation. Conclusions: We provide the first evidence to illustrate that sepsis/septic shock induces the transcription of high-affinity CAT-2B in renal tissues. Transcription of iNOS, CAT-2 and CAT-2B correlates well with renal NO biosynthesis. Regulation of L-Arg uptake by modulating the expression regulation of induced CAT-2 and CAT-2B might be a potential target for therapies against renal pathologic conditions related to NO overproduction.

KW - Endotoxemia

KW - High-affinity CAT-2

KW - INOS

KW - Kidney

KW - Nitric oxide

KW - Rat

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