Removal of model organic precursors by coagulation

E. E. Chang, P. C. Chiang, H. J. Hsing, S. Y. Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Low-molecular-weight organics, i.e., phloroglucinol (P), resorcinol (R), and p-hydroxybenzoic acid (PHBA), were selected as the target compounds to evaluate their removal and precursor reduction efficiency by coagulation under the presence of high-molecular-weight compounds. The results of this investigation reveal that turbidity removal efficiencies can achieve 95% and above, but the total organic carbon removal for P, R, and PHBA are not remarkable, which are less than 20%. The chlorine demand after 168 hour is: P≅PHBA>R>humic acids (HA)>tannic acid (TA); while the order of trihalomethanes (THM) formation is R>P>PHBA>HA>TA, which is strictly dependent upon the nature of the model compounds. By applying the developed dissolved organic carbon (DOC) removal model, both the maximum adsorption capacity and the residual DOC can be well predicted after coagulation. In this developed model, the adsorption capacity (a) is a function of the sorbable part of organic compounds (fsorbable), which can be expressed as: a=e2.67fsorbable, both shown in nature and synthetic water samples. The fnonsorb increased as the molecular weight (MW) of the target compounds decreased, suggesting that low-MW target compounds could not be easily adsorbed on the flocs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-76
Number of pages8
JournalPractice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste Management
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007

Fingerprint

Coagulation
Hydroxybenzoates
coagulation
Organic carbon
Molecular weight
Humic Substances
Acids
Tannins
acid
Trihalomethanes
humic acid
Phloroglucinol
dissolved organic carbon
Adsorption
Chlorine
adsorption
Turbidity
Organic compounds
total organic carbon
turbidity

Keywords

  • Abatement and removal
  • Chloride
  • Coagulation
  • Organic matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Removal of model organic precursors by coagulation. / Chang, E. E.; Chiang, P. C.; Hsing, H. J.; Yeh, S. Y.

In: Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste Management, Vol. 11, No. 1, 01.2007, p. 69-76.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chang, E. E. ; Chiang, P. C. ; Hsing, H. J. ; Yeh, S. Y. / Removal of model organic precursors by coagulation. In: Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste Management. 2007 ; Vol. 11, No. 1. pp. 69-76.
@article{23cf4436572c4744844fd7d28dc1084d,
title = "Removal of model organic precursors by coagulation",
abstract = "Low-molecular-weight organics, i.e., phloroglucinol (P), resorcinol (R), and p-hydroxybenzoic acid (PHBA), were selected as the target compounds to evaluate their removal and precursor reduction efficiency by coagulation under the presence of high-molecular-weight compounds. The results of this investigation reveal that turbidity removal efficiencies can achieve 95{\%} and above, but the total organic carbon removal for P, R, and PHBA are not remarkable, which are less than 20{\%}. The chlorine demand after 168 hour is: P≅PHBA>R>humic acids (HA)>tannic acid (TA); while the order of trihalomethanes (THM) formation is R>P>PHBA>HA>TA, which is strictly dependent upon the nature of the model compounds. By applying the developed dissolved organic carbon (DOC) removal model, both the maximum adsorption capacity and the residual DOC can be well predicted after coagulation. In this developed model, the adsorption capacity (a) is a function of the sorbable part of organic compounds (fsorbable), which can be expressed as: a=e2.67fsorbable, both shown in nature and synthetic water samples. The fnonsorb increased as the molecular weight (MW) of the target compounds decreased, suggesting that low-MW target compounds could not be easily adsorbed on the flocs.",
keywords = "Abatement and removal, Chloride, Coagulation, Organic matter",
author = "Chang, {E. E.} and Chiang, {P. C.} and Hsing, {H. J.} and Yeh, {S. Y.}",
year = "2007",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1061/(ASCE)1090-025X(2007)11:1(69)",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "69--76",
journal = "Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste",
issn = "2153-5493",
publisher = "American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Removal of model organic precursors by coagulation

AU - Chang, E. E.

AU - Chiang, P. C.

AU - Hsing, H. J.

AU - Yeh, S. Y.

PY - 2007/1

Y1 - 2007/1

N2 - Low-molecular-weight organics, i.e., phloroglucinol (P), resorcinol (R), and p-hydroxybenzoic acid (PHBA), were selected as the target compounds to evaluate their removal and precursor reduction efficiency by coagulation under the presence of high-molecular-weight compounds. The results of this investigation reveal that turbidity removal efficiencies can achieve 95% and above, but the total organic carbon removal for P, R, and PHBA are not remarkable, which are less than 20%. The chlorine demand after 168 hour is: P≅PHBA>R>humic acids (HA)>tannic acid (TA); while the order of trihalomethanes (THM) formation is R>P>PHBA>HA>TA, which is strictly dependent upon the nature of the model compounds. By applying the developed dissolved organic carbon (DOC) removal model, both the maximum adsorption capacity and the residual DOC can be well predicted after coagulation. In this developed model, the adsorption capacity (a) is a function of the sorbable part of organic compounds (fsorbable), which can be expressed as: a=e2.67fsorbable, both shown in nature and synthetic water samples. The fnonsorb increased as the molecular weight (MW) of the target compounds decreased, suggesting that low-MW target compounds could not be easily adsorbed on the flocs.

AB - Low-molecular-weight organics, i.e., phloroglucinol (P), resorcinol (R), and p-hydroxybenzoic acid (PHBA), were selected as the target compounds to evaluate their removal and precursor reduction efficiency by coagulation under the presence of high-molecular-weight compounds. The results of this investigation reveal that turbidity removal efficiencies can achieve 95% and above, but the total organic carbon removal for P, R, and PHBA are not remarkable, which are less than 20%. The chlorine demand after 168 hour is: P≅PHBA>R>humic acids (HA)>tannic acid (TA); while the order of trihalomethanes (THM) formation is R>P>PHBA>HA>TA, which is strictly dependent upon the nature of the model compounds. By applying the developed dissolved organic carbon (DOC) removal model, both the maximum adsorption capacity and the residual DOC can be well predicted after coagulation. In this developed model, the adsorption capacity (a) is a function of the sorbable part of organic compounds (fsorbable), which can be expressed as: a=e2.67fsorbable, both shown in nature and synthetic water samples. The fnonsorb increased as the molecular weight (MW) of the target compounds decreased, suggesting that low-MW target compounds could not be easily adsorbed on the flocs.

KW - Abatement and removal

KW - Chloride

KW - Coagulation

KW - Organic matter

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33845621538&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33845621538&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1061/(ASCE)1090-025X(2007)11:1(69)

DO - 10.1061/(ASCE)1090-025X(2007)11:1(69)

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 69

EP - 76

JO - Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste

JF - Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste

SN - 2153-5493

IS - 1

ER -