Religiosity influences on bereavement adjustments of older widows in Taiwan

Shaw Nin Shih, Sue Turale, Fu Jin Shih, Jen Chen Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: To describe difficulties encountered by older widows in Taiwan and the impact of intrinsic or extrinsic religiosity on their coping strategies during early widowhood. Background: There is very limited information about how Taiwan's widows cope with their bereavement and no studies reporting the relationship between religious beliefs and healthy adjustment during this distressing period. Design: Between-method qualitative and quantitative triangulation was used. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and transcribed data were analysed by critical thematic analysis. Results: Twenty women in Taiwan, >65 years old, (mean = 72·95) were interviewed within three years of being widowed. There were two informant groups: those with intrinsic religious beliefs and those with extrinsic religious beliefs. They all reported intrapersonal and interpersonal problems. Several major coping strategies arose: 'practising positive or negative attitudes for adaptation'; 'using person-focused actions'; and 'taking the initiative or passively seeking help from others or helping others'. Informants with intrinsic religious beliefs reported fewer coping problems by holding positive attitudes and taking multiple actions for adaptation. The extrinsic religious group had more negative adaptation attitudes, such as withdrawal and low self-esteem and practised less faith religious activities in worshipping ancestors, experiencing fatalism and using divination. They reported more coping problems than the intrinsic religious group. Conclusion: Widows in Taiwan have different coping problems and strategies in postbereavement adjustment, affected by their different religious beliefs systems. More research is required to establish the generalisabilty of these findings. Relevance to clinical practice: Widows in Taiwan need to be assessed for their religious belief systems and how this affects their ability to cope during bereavement. Clinicians should actively provide grief support and encourage new methods of social adaptation, especially with widows with extrinsic religious beliefs who may have less self-esteem and negative adaptation behaviours.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)856-866
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Volume19
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Social Adjustment
Widowhood
Bereavement
Religion
Taiwan
Self Concept
Aptitude
Grief
Interviews
Research

Keywords

  • Interviews
  • Qualitative study
  • Spirituality
  • Taiwan
  • Triangulation research
  • Women's health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Religiosity influences on bereavement adjustments of older widows in Taiwan. / Shih, Shaw Nin; Turale, Sue; Shih, Fu Jin; Tsai, Jen Chen.

In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, Vol. 19, No. 5-6, 03.2010, p. 856-866.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shih, Shaw Nin ; Turale, Sue ; Shih, Fu Jin ; Tsai, Jen Chen. / Religiosity influences on bereavement adjustments of older widows in Taiwan. In: Journal of Clinical Nursing. 2010 ; Vol. 19, No. 5-6. pp. 856-866.
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abstract = "Aims: To describe difficulties encountered by older widows in Taiwan and the impact of intrinsic or extrinsic religiosity on their coping strategies during early widowhood. Background: There is very limited information about how Taiwan's widows cope with their bereavement and no studies reporting the relationship between religious beliefs and healthy adjustment during this distressing period. Design: Between-method qualitative and quantitative triangulation was used. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and transcribed data were analysed by critical thematic analysis. Results: Twenty women in Taiwan, >65 years old, (mean = 72·95) were interviewed within three years of being widowed. There were two informant groups: those with intrinsic religious beliefs and those with extrinsic religious beliefs. They all reported intrapersonal and interpersonal problems. Several major coping strategies arose: 'practising positive or negative attitudes for adaptation'; 'using person-focused actions'; and 'taking the initiative or passively seeking help from others or helping others'. Informants with intrinsic religious beliefs reported fewer coping problems by holding positive attitudes and taking multiple actions for adaptation. The extrinsic religious group had more negative adaptation attitudes, such as withdrawal and low self-esteem and practised less faith religious activities in worshipping ancestors, experiencing fatalism and using divination. They reported more coping problems than the intrinsic religious group. Conclusion: Widows in Taiwan have different coping problems and strategies in postbereavement adjustment, affected by their different religious beliefs systems. More research is required to establish the generalisabilty of these findings. Relevance to clinical practice: Widows in Taiwan need to be assessed for their religious belief systems and how this affects their ability to cope during bereavement. Clinicians should actively provide grief support and encourage new methods of social adaptation, especially with widows with extrinsic religious beliefs who may have less self-esteem and negative adaptation behaviours.",
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