Four renal cell lines were derived from glomeruli, proximal, distal, and cortical collecting tubules microdissected from the kidneys of transgenic mice carrying the temperature-sensitive mutant of the simian virus 40 large T antigen under the control of the vimentin promoter. All four cell lines contained large T antigen in their nuclei, grew rapidly, and contained vimentin filaments when grown in serum-enriched medium at the permissive temperature of 33°C. The glomerular cell line formed multiple layers of cells and contained smooth muscle actin and desmin filaments, features of mesangial cells. The three tubule cell lines formed monolayers of polarized cuboid cells separated by tight junctions and having a patchy distribution of cytokeratins K8-K18. A shift from 33°C to the restrictive temperature (39.5°C) stopped cell growth in all cell lines and caused profound changes in the content of intermediate filaments. Vimentin was still present in mesangial-like cells, but the proximal, distal, and collecting tubule cells contained uniform networks of cytokeratins K8-K18 and desmoplakin I and II around the cell peripheries. Potassium transport, mediated by Na+-K+ ATPase pumps and specific cAMP hormonal sensitivities, significantly increased in proximal, distal, and collecting tubule cells when shifted from 33°C to 39.5°C. Thus, the temperature-dependent inactivation of large T antigen, responsible for the arrest of cell growth, did not affect the phenotype of mesangial-like glomerular cells but induced some changes in the expression of intermediate filaments and restored, at least partially, the main parental cell-specific functions in proximal, distal, and collecting tubule cultured cells.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Journal of Cellular Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology