Relationship between job satisfaction and sleep quality of female shift-working nurses: Using shift type as moderator variable

Wen Pei Chang, Yu Pei Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


This study was to investigate the impact of job satisfaction as the independent variable and the type of shift as the moderator variable on the sleep quality of female shift-working nurses. The Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) short form and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were used as evaluation tools. The subjects in the study were female shift-working nurses from teaching hospitals in northern Taiwan. A total of 178 valid questionnaires were recovered. A hierarchical multiple regression (HMR) was used to test for the moderating effect of shift type. The results demonstrated that there was a negative correlation between the total score for general job satisfaction and the Global PSQI scores. The Global PSQI scores were higher for nurses working night shifts than for those working day and evening shifts. HMR showed significant variances in the interaction between general job satisfaction of female shift-working nurses and the day/night shift as well as the evening/night shift. The type of shift had a moderating effect on the ways in which general job satisfaction impacts sleep quality. Furthermore, the moderating effect of night shift on the impact of job satisfaction on sleep quality was weaker in nurses working the night shift.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)732-740
Number of pages9
JournalIndustrial Health
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 29 2019



  • Female nurses
  • Job satisfaction
  • Nurses
  • Shift schedule
  • Shift-working
  • Sleep quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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