There are few apparent studies regarding the association between fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution and development of depression. Data obtained from epidemiological studies are inconsistent and controversial. The aim of this case-crossover study was to examine the association between short-term exposure to PM2.5 alone and in combination with other pollutants and frequency of hospitalizations for depression from 2009 to 2013 in Taipei, Taiwan. In the single pollutant model without adjustment for other pollutants, 17% and 4% increase in admissions attributed to depression correlated with interquartile range (IQR) rise in PM2.5 levels was noted on warm and cool days, respectively. Data were also analyzed using two-pollutant models and it was found that on warm days, the association continued to be significant after including one of the following pollutants: sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3) or carbon monoxide (CO). On cool days, the significance was lost. In conclusion, the relationship between ambient outdoor PM2.5 exposure and rates of hospitalization for depression appeared to be temperature dependent in Taipei. Further research is needed to verify these observations as well as to distinguish the relative contributions of PM2.5 and temperature to development for hospital admissions for depression.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A: Current Issues|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|
- air pollution
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis