Relationship between acute fetal distress and maternal-placental-fetal circulations in severe preeclampsia

J. M. Yang, K. G. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Hypoxic complications are thought to be the result of vascular lesions in the maternal-placental or fetal-placental circulation, with a resultant decrease in blood flow. This study was designed 1) to explore what kind of pathophysiological changes occur in the maternal-placental-fetal circulations associated with acute fetal distress, and 2) to determine whether umbilical velocimetry can be used as a predictor of acute hypoxia in severe preeclampsia. Methods. Eighty-nine cases of severe preeclampsia, who had Doppler ultrasonography, maternal blood chemistry and hematogram examinations all performed within two days of delivery or fetal death, were studied. Results. According to the absence or presence of acute fetal distress as determined by the fetal heart rate pattern, patients were divided into two groups: distress group and non-distress group. There was no significant difference between the two groups in maternal general status. However, patients in the distress group had a significantly shorter gestation age on admission and at delivery (p95th centile) as a predictor of acute fetal compromise, judged by the incidence of abnormal fetal heart tracing mandating emergency delivery, 1-minute Apgar scores of less than 7, 5-minute Apgar scores of less than 7, and a pH value for the umbilical arterial blood of less than 7.2, had a sensitivity of 40.5-75%, specificity of 71.8-80%, positive predictive value of 12.5-75%, and negative predictive value of 64.5-98.4%. Conclusion. In severe preeclampsia, early onset of disease superimposed with maternal hemoconcentration might initiate an acute insult and predispose the fetus to acute hypoxia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-424
Number of pages6
JournalActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Volume74
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute fetal distress
  • Doppler velocimetry
  • Severe preeclampsia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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