Regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α by cyclical mechanical stretch in rat vascular smooth muscle cells

Hang Chang, Kou-Gi Shyu, Bao Wei Wang, Peiliang Kuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are exposed to hormonal and mechanical stress in vivo. Hormonal factors have been shown to affect hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α). How mechanical stress affects the regulation of HIF-1α in VSMCs has not been reported previously, and therefore we sought to investigate the regulation of HIF-1α by cyclical mechanical stretch in cultured rat VSMCs. Rat VSMCs grown on a flexible membrane base were stretched by vacuum to 20% of the maximum elongation at 60 cycles/min. The levels of HIF-1α protein began to increase as early as 2 h after stretch was applied and reached a maximum of 2.8-fold over the control by 4 h. Real-time PCR showed that the levels of HIF-1α mRNA increased 2.1-fold after cyclical stretch for 4 h. Cyclical mechanical stretch also increased the immunohistochemical labelling of HIF-1α in VSMCs after cyclical stretch for 4 h. The phosphorylation of p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase) increased after stretch and this was inhibited by the MAP kinase kinase inhibitors PD98059 and U0126. PD98059 and U0126 also blocked HIF-1α gene expression induced by cyclical stretch. In conclusion, cyclical mechanical stretch activates the gene expression of HIF-1α in cultured VSMCs and this mechanical effect is possibly mediated by the p42/p44 MAP kinase kinase pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-456
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Science
Volume105
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2003

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Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1
Vascular Smooth Muscle
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Mechanical Stress
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases
Gene Expression
Vacuum
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Phosphorylation
Messenger RNA
Membranes

Keywords

  • Gene expression
  • Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α)
  • Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase)
  • Smooth muscle cell
  • Stretch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α by cyclical mechanical stretch in rat vascular smooth muscle cells. / Chang, Hang; Shyu, Kou-Gi; Wang, Bao Wei; Kuan, Peiliang.

In: Clinical Science, Vol. 105, No. 4, 01.10.2003, p. 447-456.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chang, Hang ; Shyu, Kou-Gi ; Wang, Bao Wei ; Kuan, Peiliang. / Regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α by cyclical mechanical stretch in rat vascular smooth muscle cells. In: Clinical Science. 2003 ; Vol. 105, No. 4. pp. 447-456.
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