Myocardial cells respond to changes in the mechanical forces imposed on them with changes in myocardial tension in the short term and with structural remodeling in the long term. Since these responses involve intercellular communication, we have investigated regulation of the gap junction proteins, connexin 43 (C x 43), connexin 40 (C x 40) and connexin 37 (C x 37), by cyclical mechanical stretch. Results were compared with parallel experiments on c-fos and GAPDH. Twenty percent stretch of cultured rat cardiomyocytes caused a 3-fold increase in C x 43 mRNA levels by 2 h. c-fos mRNA levels increased after 30 min of stretch, whereas C x 40, C x 37, and GADPH mRNA did not change. Protein levels of C x 43 increased by 4 h and remained elevated for 16 h. New protein synthesis was not a requirement for the stretch-induced rise in C x 43 expression, since mRNA levels were unaffected by treatment with cycloheximide. In addition, mechanical stretch induced alkalization of cardiomyocytes that was antagonized by inhibiting Na-H exchanger (NHE). Gap junction potential (Gj) was concomitantly elevated. Chemical closure of Cx channels by insulin was followed by inhibition of NHE. In conclusion, cyclical mechanical stretch caused increased expression of the gap junction protein C x 43 in cardiomyocytes and also the Gj. The augmentation of C x 43 mRNA expression and its functional status were associated with activation of NHE. (C) 2000 Academic press.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 19 2000|
- Cell stretch
- Gap junctions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology