Refractive outcomes of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery with arcuate keratotomy and standard phacoemulsification with toric intraocular lens implantation

Meng Yin Lin, Yun Dun Shen, Hsin Yuan Tan, I. Jong Wang, I. C. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Femtosecond laser arcuate keratotomy (FS-AK) and toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation are effective for the correction of eyes with corneal astigmatism. In this study, the postoperative refractive outcomes of patients receiving femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) with FS-AK and patients receiving standard phacoemulsification with toric IOL implantation were evaluated. Methods: This retrospective study reviewed the postoperative outcomes of patients undergoing FLACS with FS-AK (the FS-AK group) and patients undergoing standard phacoemulsification with toric IOL implantation (the toric IOL group). The main outcome measures were uncorrected and corrected visual acuities, keratometric and refractive astigmatism, and vector analysis. Results: The FS-AK group included 41 eyes with preoperative keratometric astigmatism of − 1.64 ± 0.42 diopters (D), and the toric IOL group included 53 eyes with preoperative keratometric astigmatism of − 2.29 ± 0.91 D (P < 0.001). Postoperative refractive astigmatism was comparable between the two groups. Compared with the FS-AK group, postoperative uncorrected visual acuity was significantly better (P = 0.005) and corrected visual acuity was marginally better in the toric IOL group (P = 0.051). The absolute angles of error were 9.95° ± 9.57° and 5.08° ± 4.94° (P = 0.02) in the FS-AK and the toric IOL groups, respectively. Conclusion: Both FLACS with FS-AK and standard phacoemulsification with toric IOL implantation are safe and effective methods for astigmatism correction during cataract surgery. Standard phacoemulsification with toric IOL implantation achieves better visual acuity than FLACS with FS-AK at the 6-month follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Ophthalmology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Arcuate keratotomy
  • Astigmatism
  • Femtosecond laser
  • Toric intraocular lens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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