台北市牙醫師對感染控制認知與態度之再評估

Translated title of the contribution: Reevaluation of perception and attitudes toward infection control in Taipei

Hsin-Chung Cheng, Hung-Yi Chiou, Che-Tong Lin, Sheng Yang Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in practice and concepts of infection control by dentists in Taipei before and after intervention with promotional activities. A 30-item questionnaire modified from a questionnaire used in 1993, which included the dentist's background, and perceptions and attitudes towards infection control was mailed to all licensed Taiwan Dental Association (TDA) members (N=2,040). Of these, 648 questionnaires were returned (32.0%). Data were analyzed using the SAS/PC software package. The sample characteristics, in terms of sex, age, practice years and location, were correlated with those of the TDA. (1) Dramatic changes (pc0.05) were seen in the use of barrier techniques (e.g. gloves: 44.0% in 1993, 69.0% in 1996; mouth masks: 96.0% in 1993, 98.0% in 1996; and facial masks: 15.0% in 1993, 22.6%
in 1996). (2) Percentages of time autoclaving to sterilize extraction instruments, examination instruments, dental handpieces and burs were 92.0%, 79.0%, 29.0%, and 25.0%, respectively, in 1993, and 95.8%, 85.6%, 58.9%, and 42.7% in 1996. (3) There was no significant difference in percutaneous injuries per week between 1993 (31.7%) and 1996 (36.0%). (4) Percentage of known contact with AlDS patients increased significantly (pc0.001) from 4.0% in 1993 to 8.5% in 1996, and percentage of dentists willing to treat AlDS patients also increased from 16.0% to 24.3% (pc0.001). (5) Most dentists still under-estimated the incidence of hepatitis B virus carriers as in 1993. In conclusion, dramatic improvement was noted in dental infection control over the past 3 years. The
TDA should continue encouraging universal precautions and infection control practices.
Original languageTraditional Chinese
Pages (from-to)191-202
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Dental Sciences
Volume20
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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Infection Control
Dentists
Masks
Taiwan
Dental Infection Control
Tooth
Dental Instruments
Universal Precautions
Hepatitis B virus
Mouth
Software
Incidence
Wounds and Injuries
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • attitude
  • dentists
  • infection control
  • perception
  • reevaluation

Cite this

台北市牙醫師對感染控制認知與態度之再評估. / Cheng, Hsin-Chung; Chiou, Hung-Yi; Lin, Che-Tong; Lee, Sheng Yang.

In: Journal of Dental Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2001, p. 191-202.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cheng, Hsin-Chung ; Chiou, Hung-Yi ; Lin, Che-Tong ; Lee, Sheng Yang. / 台北市牙醫師對感染控制認知與態度之再評估. In: Journal of Dental Sciences. 2001 ; Vol. 20, No. 3. pp. 191-202.
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title = "台北市牙醫師對感染控制認知與態度之再評估",
abstract = "本研究目的在瞭解台北市牙醫師執行感染控制三年後之成果評估。本研究方法採問卷調查方式進行,以1993年之調查問卷經小幅修改後共30題,經郵寄至台北市所有牙醫師(N=2040),以無記名填寫,共回收648份有效問卷(回收率32.0{\%}),經卡方配合度檢定呈無顯著差異,顯示回收樣本與台北市牙醫師會員特性一致性,所有資料經 SAS/PC 進行分析,結果如下:(1) 個人防護技術明顯進步(如戴手套、口罩、面罩看診比率從1993年之44.0{\%}、96.0{\%}、15.0{\%}上升至1996年之69.0{\%}、98.0{\%}、22.6{\%});(2)對拔牙器械、檢查用基本器械、手機及鑽針之高溫高度滅菌比率,從1993年之92.{\%}、79.0{\%}、29.0{\%}、25.0{\%}上升至1996年之95.8{\%}、85.6{\%}、58.9{\%}、42.7{\%};(3)牙醫師對每週被刺傷比率,1993年(31.7{\%})與1996年(36.0{\%})呈無顯著差異性;(4)牙醫師對愛滋病患者接觸比率增加(4.0{\%},1993;8.5{\%},1996)且呈有顯著差異(p<0.001),牙醫師接受治療愛滋病患之比率增加(16.0{\%},1993;24.3{\%},1996)且呈顯著差異(p<0.001);(5)大部份牙醫師仍低估門診中之B型肝炎帶原者數目。過去三年台北市牙醫師對牙科感染控制之執行有所進步,公會仍應繼續鼓勵會員參加感染控制之再教育及提供相關訊息。",
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T1 - 台北市牙醫師對感染控制認知與態度之再評估

AU - Cheng, Hsin-Chung

AU - Chiou, Hung-Yi

AU - Lin, Che-Tong

AU - Lee, Sheng Yang

PY - 2001

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N2 - 本研究目的在瞭解台北市牙醫師執行感染控制三年後之成果評估。本研究方法採問卷調查方式進行,以1993年之調查問卷經小幅修改後共30題,經郵寄至台北市所有牙醫師(N=2040),以無記名填寫,共回收648份有效問卷(回收率32.0%),經卡方配合度檢定呈無顯著差異,顯示回收樣本與台北市牙醫師會員特性一致性,所有資料經 SAS/PC 進行分析,結果如下:(1) 個人防護技術明顯進步(如戴手套、口罩、面罩看診比率從1993年之44.0%、96.0%、15.0%上升至1996年之69.0%、98.0%、22.6%);(2)對拔牙器械、檢查用基本器械、手機及鑽針之高溫高度滅菌比率,從1993年之92.%、79.0%、29.0%、25.0%上升至1996年之95.8%、85.6%、58.9%、42.7%;(3)牙醫師對每週被刺傷比率,1993年(31.7%)與1996年(36.0%)呈無顯著差異性;(4)牙醫師對愛滋病患者接觸比率增加(4.0%,1993;8.5%,1996)且呈有顯著差異(p<0.001),牙醫師接受治療愛滋病患之比率增加(16.0%,1993;24.3%,1996)且呈顯著差異(p<0.001);(5)大部份牙醫師仍低估門診中之B型肝炎帶原者數目。過去三年台北市牙醫師對牙科感染控制之執行有所進步,公會仍應繼續鼓勵會員參加感染控制之再教育及提供相關訊息。

AB - 本研究目的在瞭解台北市牙醫師執行感染控制三年後之成果評估。本研究方法採問卷調查方式進行,以1993年之調查問卷經小幅修改後共30題,經郵寄至台北市所有牙醫師(N=2040),以無記名填寫,共回收648份有效問卷(回收率32.0%),經卡方配合度檢定呈無顯著差異,顯示回收樣本與台北市牙醫師會員特性一致性,所有資料經 SAS/PC 進行分析,結果如下:(1) 個人防護技術明顯進步(如戴手套、口罩、面罩看診比率從1993年之44.0%、96.0%、15.0%上升至1996年之69.0%、98.0%、22.6%);(2)對拔牙器械、檢查用基本器械、手機及鑽針之高溫高度滅菌比率,從1993年之92.%、79.0%、29.0%、25.0%上升至1996年之95.8%、85.6%、58.9%、42.7%;(3)牙醫師對每週被刺傷比率,1993年(31.7%)與1996年(36.0%)呈無顯著差異性;(4)牙醫師對愛滋病患者接觸比率增加(4.0%,1993;8.5%,1996)且呈有顯著差異(p<0.001),牙醫師接受治療愛滋病患之比率增加(16.0%,1993;24.3%,1996)且呈顯著差異(p<0.001);(5)大部份牙醫師仍低估門診中之B型肝炎帶原者數目。過去三年台北市牙醫師對牙科感染控制之執行有所進步,公會仍應繼續鼓勵會員參加感染控制之再教育及提供相關訊息。

KW - attitude

KW - dentists

KW - infection control

KW - perception

KW - reevaluation

KW - attitude

KW - dentists

KW - infection control

KW - perception

KW - reevaluation

M3 - 文章

VL - 20

SP - 191

EP - 202

JO - Journal of Dental Sciences

JF - Journal of Dental Sciences

SN - 1991-7902

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