Reduced health provider delay and tuberculosis mortality due to an improved hospital programme

Yung-Ching Liu, Hsi Hsun Lin, Yu Sen Chen, Ih Jen Su, Tsi S. Huang, Hung Chin Tsai, Shue Ren Wann, Susan Shin Jung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

SETTING: A referral hospital in Kaohsiung,Taiwan. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of an in-hospital tuberculosis (TB) quality care programme initiated in May 2005 on health provider delay and outcome of newly diagnosed TB cases. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of newly diagnosed TB cases presenting in 2002 and 2006. Health provider delay, clinical manifestations, management and outcome were recorded. RESULTS: Overall, 327 patients before (2002) and 262 patients after (2006) the programme began were enrolled. Patients were older men (mean age 65.9 years) and 23.4% (138/589) had diabetes; 84.4% had received anti-tuberculosis treatment. The programme shortened the time for doctors to order a chest X-ray (P <0.01), and the reporting time for smear (P <0.0001) and culture (P <0.0001). On multivariable analysis, risk factors for attributable mortality included age ≥65 years (OR 4.4, 95%CI 1.8-10.9, P = 0.001) and liver cirrhosis (OR 4.3, 95%CI 1.1-16.6, P = 0.04). Treatment reduced mortality by 81% (OR 0.2, 95%CI 0.1-0.4, P <0.001) and the programme halved overall mortality (OR 0.5, 95%CI 0.3-0.8, P = 0.01), and reduced attributable mortality by 62% (OR 0.4, 95%CI 0.2-0.8, P <0.01). CONCLUSION: Intervention at the hospital level for quality control of TB care was instrumental in reducing health provider delay and led to a significant reduction in mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-78
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Volume14
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Delay
  • Programme
  • Quality care
  • Tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Infectious Diseases

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