SETTING: A referral hospital in Kaohsiung,Taiwan. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of an in-hospital tuberculosis (TB) quality care programme initiated in May 2005 on health provider delay and outcome of newly diagnosed TB cases. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of newly diagnosed TB cases presenting in 2002 and 2006. Health provider delay, clinical manifestations, management and outcome were recorded. RESULTS: Overall, 327 patients before (2002) and 262 patients after (2006) the programme began were enrolled. Patients were older men (mean age 65.9 years) and 23.4% (138/589) had diabetes; 84.4% had received anti-tuberculosis treatment. The programme shortened the time for doctors to order a chest X-ray (P <0.01), and the reporting time for smear (P <0.0001) and culture (P <0.0001). On multivariable analysis, risk factors for attributable mortality included age ≥65 years (OR 4.4, 95%CI 1.8-10.9, P = 0.001) and liver cirrhosis (OR 4.3, 95%CI 1.1-16.6, P = 0.04). Treatment reduced mortality by 81% (OR 0.2, 95%CI 0.1-0.4, P <0.001) and the programme halved overall mortality (OR 0.5, 95%CI 0.3-0.8, P = 0.01), and reduced attributable mortality by 62% (OR 0.4, 95%CI 0.2-0.8, P <0.01). CONCLUSION: Intervention at the hospital level for quality control of TB care was instrumental in reducing health provider delay and led to a significant reduction in mortality.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2010|
- Quality care
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Infectious Diseases