Recent research and development of Antrodia cinnamomea

Mei Chin Lu, Mohamed El-Shazly, Tung Ying Wu, Ying Chi Du, Tun Tschu Chang, Chieh Fu Chen, Yu Ming Hsu, Kuei Hung Lai, Ching Peng Chiu, Fang Rong Chang, Yang Chang Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

107 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Medicinal mushrooms have attracted much attention recently owing to their potent therapeutic activity, especially as chemopreventive and immunomodulatory agents. Antrodia cinnamomea is a treasured Taiwanese mushroom that has been used by aboriginal tribes for centuries to treat food intoxication and to enhance liver functions. It was included in Asian folk medicine in the last few decades with remarkable results in treating inflammatory disorders, cancers, hypertension and hepatitis. This myriad of therapeutic activities encouraged several research groups to subject A. cinnamomea to intensive biological and phytochemical investigation, leading to the isolation of different classes of pharmacologically active secondary metabolites. The in vitro and in vivo biological results of the mushroom extracts and its active components revealed their potent cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective activities. The aim of this study is to review recent reports on the biological activities of A. cinnamomea extracts and its active components; quality control protocols; synthetic methodologies for the preparation of active components; developed culture techniques; phylogenetic analysis and gene cloning. This study also tackles major challenges facing future expansion of A. cinnamomea production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-156
Number of pages33
JournalPharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume139
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anticancer
  • Antrodia cinnamomea
  • Hepatoprotective
  • Immunomodulatory
  • Medicinal mushrooms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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  • Cite this

    Lu, M. C., El-Shazly, M., Wu, T. Y., Du, Y. C., Chang, T. T., Chen, C. F., Hsu, Y. M., Lai, K. H., Chiu, C. P., Chang, F. R., & Wu, Y. C. (2013). Recent research and development of Antrodia cinnamomea. Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 139(2), 124-156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pharmthera.2013.04.001