RBM4a modulates the impact of PRDM16 on development of brown adipocytes through an alternative splicing mechanism

Yi Lin Chi, Jung Chun Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Brown adipocytes (BAs) exhibit an energy-expending signature that is important in balancing metabolic homeostasis. In this study, results of transcriptome analyses revealed the reprogrammed splicing profile of the PR domain containing 16 (PRDM16) gene, a key transcription factor involved in brown adipogenesis, throughout development of wild-type brown adipose tissues (BATs). Moreover, discriminative splicing patterns of PRDM16 transcripts were noted in embryonic and postnatal RBM4a−/− BATs. Overexpression of RBM4a enhanced the relative levels of PRDM16-ex 16 transcripts by simultaneously interacting with exonic and intronic CU elements, which encoded the PRDM16S isoform containing a distinct C-terminus. The presence of the overexpressed PRDM16S isoform showed a stronger effect than the overexpressed PRDM16L isoform on enhancing transcriptional activity of the RBM4a and the PGC-1α promoter. Overexpression of the PRDM16S isoform exerted more-prominent effects on enhancing the BAT-related gene program and energy expenditure compared to those of PRDM16L-overexpressing cells. Our studies demonstrated that RBM4a-regulated alternative splicing constituted another regulatory mechanism for strengthening the influence of PRDM16 on the development of brown adipocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1515-1525
Number of pages11
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Volume1865
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2018

Keywords

  • Alternative splicing
  • Brown adipocyte
  • PRDM16
  • RBM4a

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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